<HTML> <HEAD> <META NAME="generator" CONTENT="toniarts easyhtml v.2.4"> <TITLE>  % " '/ #!!% " ! & /</TITLE> <meta name="keywords" content="&0@L, 8:>;09 II, tsaarinikolai, Nikolai II, ?0<OB8, !2OBKE, &0@AB25==KE, CG5=8:>2, AB@0AB>B5@?F52, 3> !5<LO, D@59;8=0, >AC40@K=O, ==0, ==K; "0=5520, K@C1>20, $8=;O=48O, Anna, Virubova, Vyrubova"> </HEAD> <BODY BACKGROUND="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/graniitti1.jpg"> <TABLE BORDER="1" width="1200" ALIGN="center" VALIGN="bottom" cellpadding="15" font face="Calibri"> <TR> <TD ALIGN="center" width="40%"> <!--Cell at 1 row, 1 column--><font COLOR="#000080" face="Calibri"><b><big>)!" /" !/"+% & !"+% #'  + "  $/ RY.</big></b><br> <IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/tsaariperhe1.JPG" ALIGN="center" BORDER="0" WIDTH="400" HEIGHT="270" vspace="8"> </font> </TD> <TD ALIGN="center" width="20%" valign="top"><!--Cell at 1 row, 2 column--><font COLOR="#000080" face ="Calibri"> <a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/yhteystiedot.htm" target="_blank"><img src="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/rintamerkki1.png" width="150" height="225" border="0" alt="TSAARI NIKOLAI II ja ALEKSANDRA" title="Yhteystiedot"></a><br><b>& ,  -" ! !!, #!! '!</b></font><br> </TD> <TD align="center" width="37%"> <!--Cell at 1 row, 3 column--><font COLOR="#000080" face="Calibri"><big><b>PYHT KEISARILLISET MARTTYYRIT JA ANNA TANEEVA SUOMESSA MUISTOYHDISTYS RY.</b></big><br> <IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/Louisejamarski4.JPG" BORDER="0" WIDTH="430" HEIGHT="260" vspace="3" ><br><br> </TD> </TR> <TR> <TD ALIGN="center" VALIGN="top"><!--Cell at 2 row, 1 column--> <IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/perilliset1.JPG" ALIGN="center" BORDER="0" WIDTH="330" HEIGHT="211" vspace="8"><br><font face="Calibri" COLOR="#000080"><b>5B 1>;LH5 B>9 ;N128, :0: 5A;8 :B> ?>;>68B<br> 4CHC A2>N 70 4@C759 A2>8E.<br> (= 15:13)</b></font> <br><br><br><br> <font face="Calibri" COLOR="#000080"><b><i>(  #,/ - MEIDN YSTVT:</i><br></b></font><br> <a href="http://rusidea.org/" target="_blank"><img src="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/Banner.jpg" width="150" height="35" BORDER="1"vspace="4"></a> <A HREF="http://www.dagmaria.dk" target="_blank"><IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/dagmar.png" ALIGN="bottom" BORDER="0" WIDTH="50" HEIGHT="55"></A> <A HREF="http://samoderzhavnaya.ru/" target="_blank"><IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/dimankoti.png" ALIGN="bottom" BORDER="0" WIDTH="55" HEIGHT="55"></A> <A HREF="http://zargradet.ru/" target="_blank"><IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/banner4.gif" ALIGN="bottom" BORDER="0" WIDTH="80" HEIGHT="40"></A> <a href="http://www.hristianstvo.ru/?from=19153" target="_blank"><img src="http://www.hristianstvo.ru/images/ru-88x31-native1.gif" width="88" height="31" border="0"></a><br> <a href="http://dsnmp.ru/ " target="_blank"><img src="http://dsnmp.ru/wp-content/uploads/DSNMP.jpg" width="220" height="30" vspace="5"></a> <a href="http://vstanzaveru.ru/category/tserkovnaya-analitika/" target="_blank"><img src="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/Tarra.jpg" width="200" height="40" vspace="4"></a><br> </TD> <TD ALIGN="center" valign="top"><!--Cell at 2 row,2 column--><font face="Calibri" COLOR="#000080"> <br><b>,+ +<br>! + "</b><br> <a href="http://brbl-dl.library.yale.edu/vufind/Record/3787122" target="_blank"><br><img src="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/Tsaaritar_ja_Anna.jpg" width="160" height="175" border="0" alt=",+ + ! + "" title=",+ + ! + ""></a><br><br><br> <a name="huomio"></a> <a href="http://www.tsaarinikolai.com/demotxt/Projektiad.html#huomio" target="_blank"><b>" !!"", !/"+ & ! !"!</b></a><br><br> <a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/yhteystiedotru1.htm" target="_blank"><b>""+</b></a></font><br><br> </TD> <TD ALIGN="left" valign="top"><!--Cell at 2 row, 3 column--> <center><IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/Kooste_Annasta.jpg" ALIGN="top" valign="center" BORDER="0" WIDTH="300" HEIGHT="400"vspace="8"></center> <font color="#000080" face="Calibri"><div align="justify"><b>0H @>4 A;C68; B@5< &0@O<, :064K9 45=L 2 =0H5< 4><5 &0@L C?><8=0;AO ?>GB8 :0: >3C @02=K9. 0H >B5F ?>4G5@:820; 206=>ABL 4;O G5;>25:0 GC2AB20 4>;30 8 ?@87K20; =0A 2> 2A5E A;CG0OE 687=8 A;54>20BL 3>;>AC A2>59 A>25AB8</b></div></font> </TD> </TR> <!--KOTISIVUN LOPPU. TST ALKAA SISLTLUETTELO--> <TABLE width="850" BORDER="1" ALIGN="center" VALIGN="center" CELLPADDING="14"> <TR> <TD ALIGN="left" width="125" VALIGN="top"> <font face="Arial" size="2" COLOR="#000080"> <b><ul> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/uusietusivu102.html">HOME PAGE<br><li>KOTISIVU</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/yhteystiedot.htm">""+<br><li>YHTEYSTIEDOT</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/menut/Atsaariperhe.htm">& !/ !,/<br> <li>TSAARIPERHE</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/Anna8.html"> !  "<br> <li>ANNA ALEKSANDROVNA TANEEVA</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/toimintaa6.html">/",!",<br> <li>TOIMINTAA</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/menut/Bsuomi.htm">$//<br> <li>SUOMI</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/menut/Cartikkelit.htm">!"",<br> <li>ARTIKKELIT</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/runoja_ja_lausuntaa.htm" target="_blank">!"%, B+!+/<br><li>RUNOJA, LAUSUNTAA</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kirjat4.htm" target="_blank"><li>KIRJOJA</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/filmit7.html" target="_blank">$,+<li>FILMEJ</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://impersem.kuvat.fi/kuvat/"> $" . <li>KUVAGALLERIAAN</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/ilmoitukset2.htm">*// <li>ILMOITUKSIA</a></b></li> </ul> <br><br> </TD> </font> <!--THN PTTYY SISLTLUETTELO--> <td ALIGN="left" width="800" valign="top" bgcolor="#fff6E9"> <font face="Arial"> <!--TEKSTITIEDOSTO ALKAA--> <br><center><b>   % " '/ #!!% " ! & /<br><br> </center> "0BLO=0 8@>=>20</b><br><br> <center> <img src="kuvat/Mironova.jpg" width="550" vspace="6"><br> %C4>6=8: 025; K65=:>. $>B>3@0D8O =0 ?0<OBL</center><br> <div align="justify">" 1865 3>4C C<5@ =0A;54=8: @5AB>;0 8:>;09 ;5:A0=4@>28G, AB0@H89 AK= <?5@0B>@0 ;5:A0=4@0 II, 8 MB> 1>;LH>5 @CAA:>5 3>@5 =5>6840==> 2K720;> 7;CN @04>ABL =5 B>;L:> 2=5 >AA88, => 8 2 A0<>9 >AA88. >B@OA5==K9 $54>@ 20=>28G "NBG52 >B>720;AO =0 7;>1=>5 ;8:>20=85 AB@0==> 72CG02H8< AB8E>B2>@5=85<:<br> <ul><ul><ul><ul>, MB8 B>;:8 @>:>2K5, <br> @5ABC?=K9 ;5?5B 8 H0;L=>9 <br> A5E 2K@>4:>2 75<;8 @>4=>9, <br> 0 =5 CA;KH8B 8E >AA8O,  <br>  >B?>254LN  40 =5 3@O=5B <br> ">B AB@0H=K9 :;8G, GB> 2 AB0@8=C: <br> "5745 87<5=0  &0@L 2 ?;5=C!" <br>  CAL A?0A0BL 3> =5 2AB0=5B.<br></ul></ul></ul></ul>  B>;L:> ?>;25:0 A?CABO, 2 1917 3>4C, >1=068;AO ?@>@>G5A:89 A<KA; BNBG52A:8E AB@>:. ;5=5==K9 A2>8<8 65 35=5@0;0<8, ?>=OB=>, GB> 87<5==8:0<8, => >B MB>3> =5 ;53G5, 2 ?>5745 ?>4 A:>2>< <?5@0B>@ 2A5O CA8 8:>;09 II, ?>:8=CBK9 &5@:>2LN, ?@540==K9 =0@>4><, ?8H5B 2 A2>5< 4=52=8:5 3>@L:> 8 B>G=>: "@C3>< 87<5=0 8 B@CA>ABL, 8 >1<0=". 5=5@0;K C7A:89, ;5:A552, -25@B, @CA8;>2 8 4C<A:85 <0A>=K B@51>20;8 B>340 C &0@O >B@5G5=8O >B @5AB>;0 2 ?>;L7C 0A;54=8:0.<br><br> AG8A;5=85 A>1KB89, =5?>A@54AB25==> A2O70==KE A >B@5G5=85< >AC40@O, =04> 25AB8, >G5284=>, A 14 D52@0;O 1917 3>40, :>340 =54>2>;L=K5 A:C4>ABLN 687=8 2>5==>3> 2@5<5=8 B>;?K 2KH;8 =0 C;8FK 5B@>3@040 A ;>7C=30<8 ">;>9 2>9=C!", "0 74@02AB2C5B @5A?C1;8:0!". 17 D52@0;O AB0G5G=0O 70@070 >E20B8;0 :@C?=59H89 CB8;>2A:89 702>4 8 GC<>2>9 2>;=>9 ?>:0B8;0AL ?> 2A5<C 3>@>4C. 01>G85 3@><8;8 E;51=K5 ;02:8, 871820;8 3>@>4>2KE. 23 D52@0;O 10AB>20;> C65 128 BKAOG G5;>25:. 26 D52@0;O 2>AAB0;0 @0A?@>?030=48@>20==0O @52>;NF8>=5@0<8 4-O @>B0 70?0A=>3> 10B0;L>=0 02;>2A:>3> 320@459A:>3> ?>;:0, :>B>@0O >B:@K;0 >3>=L ?> ?>;8F88, ?KB02H59AO ?@5A5GL 15A?>@O4:8. 0G0;AO ?5@5E>4 ?5B@>3@04A:>3> 30@=87>=0 =0 AB>@>=C B>;?K&  MB><C 2@5<5=8 C65 25AL 5B@>3@04 70E;5AB=C;8 45<>=AB@0F88 @01>G8E, B@51>202H8E E;510, ?@5ABC?=K< C<KA;>< =5 ?>42>78<>3> 2 3>@>4, =0<5@5==> =5 ?@>40205<>3> 2 ;02:0E. 0G0;AO =0@>4=K9 1C=B, A?@>2>F8@>20==K9 <0A>=A:8< 703>2>@><. 0A>=0< <0;> 1K;> >AC40@AB25==>9 4C<K, >=8 @20;8AL : 2A52;0AB8N 2 >AA88. < <5H0; <>=0@E8G5A:89 AB@>9, ?@53@04>9 =0 8E ?CB8 AB>O; >AC40@L.<br><br> >AC40@O 8:>;0O ;5:A0=4@>28G0 8 4> B>3> =5;L7O 1K;> C?@5:=CBL 2 =5@5H8B5;L=>AB8, 0 2 B5 <OB56=K5 4=8 65AB:>ABL 53> ?@8:07>2 =0 ?>402;5=85 ?@540B5;LA:>3> 1C=B0 2 AB>;8F5 1K;0 ?>8AB8=5 48:B0B>@A:>9. 5G5@>< 25 D52@0;O 35=5@0; %010;>2 ?>;CG05B ?@8:07 >AC40@O > =5<54;5==>< ?@5:@0I5=88 2A5E 15A?>@O4:>2 2 AB>;8F5  B0< 3@><8;8 <03078=K, 3@018;8 ;02:8, 871820;8 8 C1820;8 3>@>4>2KE.  ?><>IL %010;>2C >AC40@L ?>AK;05B 87 !B02:8 :>@?CA 35=5@0;0 20=>20. !G8B0O 8 MB> =54>AB0B>G=K<, 545B ?>574>< : :><0=4CNI5<C !525@=K< D@>=B>< 35=5@0;C C7A:><C, GB>1K =0?@028BL 2 5B@>3@04 ?>4BO=CBK5 A D@>=B0 2>9A:0. 5 <54;O &0@L ?>4?8AK205B #:07 > ?@8>AB0=>2:5 =0 <5AOF @01>BK >AC40@AB25==>9 4C<K 8 >AC40@AB25==>3> A>25B0. 5OB5;L=>ABL 4C<A:8E 3>2>@C=>2 >1JO2;O5BAO =570:>==>9. > 70<KA;C >AC40@O 2;0ABL A>A@54>B0G8205BAO 2 53> @C:0E 8 2 @C:0E 53> @028B5;LAB20 A >?>@>9 =0 25@=CN &0@N @<8N.<br><br> > A>1KB8O @072820NBAO 2>?@5:8 2>;5 >AC40@O. 3> ?@8:07K =5 2K?>;=ONBAO. 5=5@0; 20=>2 =5 4>2>48B A2>9 :>@?CA 4> 5B5@1C@30. !>;40BK ?5B5@1C@3A:8E ?>;:>2 >B:07K20NBAO ?>4G8=OBLAO 35=5@0;C %010;>2C. C<0 ?@>B828BAO C:07C >AC40@O, >@30=87C5B @5<5==K9 :><8B5B, 0 70B5< =0 53> >A=>25 @5<5==>5 ?@028B5;LAB2>& C4L C >AC40@O 2 B>B <><5=B E>BO 1K B@8AB0 A>;40B, ?@540==KE 5<C, @8AO35 8 0:>=C, A?>A>1=KE 8A?>;=8BL 65;57=CN 2>;N &0@O, >AA8N <>6=> 1K;> C45@60BL =0 :@0N @0725@7H59AO ?@>?0AB8: 4C<A:89 @5<5==K9 :><8B5B @07>3=0BL, !>25BK "@0GL8E 8 A>10GL8E 45?CB0B>2", :0: 8E B>340 =07K20;8 C<=K5 ;N48, @0AAB@5;OBL. > 2 A:>25 >AC40@L 2AB@5B8; >B :><0=4CNI53> !525@=K< D@>=B>< 35=5@0;0 C7A:>3> =5 25@=>AB8 A515, ?@8AO35 8 :@5AB>F5;>20=8N, 0 & B@51>20=85 >B@5G5=8O. 5=5@0;-04JNB0=B (>4=> 87 2KAH8E 2>8=A:8E 720=89 2 F0@A:>9 >AA88) C7A:89, 8A?>;=OO ?>@CG5==CN 5<C @5<5==K< :><8B5B>< @>;L, ?@54;>68; 8:>;0N B>@><C "A40BLAO =0 <8;>ABL ?>1548B5;O". 5=5@0; F0@A:>9 A28BK C15=A:89 2A?><8=0; ?>B><: "! F8=87<>< 8 3@C1>9 >?@545;5==>ABLN A:070==0O C7A:8< D@070 "=04> A4020BLAO =0 <8;>ABL ?>1548B5;O", A =5A><=5==>ABLN C:07K20;0, GB> =5 B>;L:> C<0, 5B@>3@04, => 8 ;8F0 2KAH53> :><0=4>20=8O =0 D@>=B5 459AB2CNB 2 ?>;=>< A>3;0A88 8 @5H8;8 ?@>8725AB8 ?5@52>@>B".<br><br> !B@5<8B5;L=0O 87<5=0 =5 B>;L:> C7A:>3>, :>B>@K9 420 <5AOF0 A?CABO ?>E20;O;AO 2 3075B=KE 8=B5@2LN > A2>8E "70A;C30E ?5@54 @52>;NF859", => 2A53> ?>3>;>2=> :><0=4>20=8O @<88. >B A2845B5;LAB2> A0<>3> C7A:>3>: "'0A>2 2 10 CB@0 O O28;AO : &0@N A 4>:;04>< > <>8E ?5@53>2>@0E. ?0A0OAL, GB> >= >B=5A5BAO A <>8< A;>20< A =54>25@85<, O ?@83;0A8; A A>1>9 =0G0;L=8:0 <>53> HB010 35=5@0;0 0=8;>20 8 =0G0;L=8:0 A=0165=89 35=5@0;0 !0228G0, :>B>@K5 4>;6=K 1K;8 ?>445@60BL <5=O 2 <>5< =0AB>9G82>< A>25B5 &0@N @048 1;030 >AA88 8 ?>154K =04 2@03>< >B@5GLAO >B @5AB>;0.  MB><C 2@5<5=8 C <5=O C65 1K;8 >B25BK 5;8:>3> :=O7O 8:>;0O 8:>;0528G0, 35=5@0;>2 ;5:A5520, @CA8;>20 8 -25@B0, :>B>@K5 2A5 548=>4CH=> B>65 ?@87=020;8 =5>1E>48<>ABL >B@5G5=8O".<br><br> "@C3>< 87<5=0 8 B@CA>ABL, 8 >1<0=",  70?8A0; >AC40@L 2 A2>5< 4=52=8:5.<br><br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br><br> 1 <0@B0 1917 3>40 >AC40@L >AB0;AO >48=, ?@0:B8G5A:8 ?;5=5==K9 2 ?>5745, ?@540==K9 8 ?>:8=CBK9 ?>440==K<8, @07;CG5==K9 A A5<L59, 6402H59 8 <>;82H59AO 70 =53> 2 &0@A:>< !5;5. AB02H8AL >48=, 8:>;09 ;5:A0=4@>28G 15@5B A515 2 A>25B 8 C:@5?;5=85 !;>2> !2OI5==>3> 8A0=8O, G8B05B, ?>4G5@:8205B 871@0==>5. -B0 :=830 A>E@0=8;0AL, 8 ?5@2>5, GB> =5?@5;>6=> 2AB05B 87 3>AC40@52KE ?><5B 2 81;88  B25@40O 25@0 <?5@0B>@0 2 >689 @><KA5;, C15645==>ABL, GB> >A?>4L A =8<: "5 1>9AO, 81> / A B>1>9" (I KB. 26,24), "5 1>9AO, / B2>9 I8B" (I KB. 15,1), ">3 B2>9 5ABL >3 1;0389 8 <8;>A5@4K9, = =5 >AB028B B51O 8 =5 ?>3C18B B51O" (B>@>70:. 4, 31).<br><br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br><br> >-?5@2KE, >B@5G5=85 !0<>45@602=>3> >AC40@O 40 5I5 A D>@<C;8@>2:>9 "2 A>3;0A88 A >AC40@AB25==>9 4C<>9" =5 4>?CA:0;>AL =8:0:8<8 0:>=0<8 >AA89A:>9 <?5@88; <br><br> >-2B>@KE, 2 B5;53@0<<5 >AC40@L 3>2>@8B > ?5@540G5 =0A;548O =0 @5AB>; A2>5<C 1@0BC 8E08;C ;5:A0=4@>28GC, B5< A0<K< <8=CO 70:>==>3> =0A;54=8:0 F0@528G0 ;5:A5O, 0 MB> C65 ?@O<>5 =0@CH5=85 !2>40 0:>=>2 >AA89A:>9 <?5@88. <br><br> "5;53@0<<0 >AC40@O 2 !B02:C, ?>4;>6=> =0720==0O "0=8D5AB>< >1 >B@5G5=88", 1K;0 548=AB25==> 2>7<>6=K< 2 B5E >1AB>OB5;LAB20E ?@87K2>< >AC40@O : A2>59 @<88. 7 B5;53@0<<K MB>9, A?5H=> @07>A;0==>9 2 2>9A:0 =0G0;L=8:>< HB010 !B02:8 ;5:A552K<, 2AO:><C 25@=><C 8 G5AB=><C >D8F5@C 1K;> OA=>, GB> =04 >AC40@5< B2>@OB =0A8;85, GB> MB> 3>AC40@AB25==K9 ?5@52>@>B, 8 4>;3 ?@8AO3=C2H53> =0 25@=CN A;C61C &0@N 8 B5G5AB2C ?>25;5205B A?0A0BL <?5@0B>@0, G53> >4=0:> =5 A;CG8;>AL. >9A:0 A45;0;8 284, GB> ?>25@8;8 2 4>1@>2>;L=>5 A;>65=85 >AC40@5< 5@E>2=>9 2;0AB8, :;OB2>?@5ABC?=8:8, >=8 =5 CA;KH0;8 =010B0 <>;8B25==> ?@>87=5A5==KE :>340-B> :064K< 87 =8E A;>2 @8AO38: <br><br> ";O=CAL A5<>3CI8< >3><, ?@54 !2OBK< 3> 20=35;85< 2 B><, GB> E>GC 8 4>;65= 3> <?5@0B>@A:><C 5;8G5AB2C, A2>5<C 8AB8==><C 8 ?@8@>4=><C A5<8;>AB8259H5<C 5;8:><C >AC40@N <?5@0B>@C 8:>;0N ;5:A0=4@>28GC, !0<>45@6FC A5@>AA89A:><C, 8 3> <?5@0B>@A:>3> 5;8G5AB20 A5@>AA89A:>3> @5AB>;0 0A;54=8:C, 25@=> 8 =5;8F5<5@=> A;C68BL, =5 I04O 682>B0 "A2>53>, 4> ?>A;54=59 :0?;8 :@>28& 3> <?5@0B>@A:>3> 5;8G5AB20 >AC40@AB20 8 75<5;L 3> 2@03>2, B5;>< 8 :@>2LN & E@01@>5 8 A8;L=>5 G8=8BL A>?@>B82;5=85, 8 2> 2A5< AB0@0BLAO A?>A?5H5AB2>20BL, GB> : 3> <?5@0B>@A:>3> 5;8G5AB20 25@=>9 A;C615 8 ?>;L75 3>AC40@AB25==>9 2> 2A5E A;CG0OE :0A0BLAO <>65B. 1 CI5@15 65 53> 5;8G5AB20 8=B5@5A0, 2@545 8 C1KB:5& 2AO:8<8 <5@0<8 >B2@0I0BL,..  G5< 40 ?><>65B <=5 >A?>4L >3 A5<>3CI89.  70:;NG5=85 65 A59 <>59 :;OB2K F5;CN !;>20 8 @5AB !?0A8B5;O <>53>. <8=L".<br><br> 5 2AB0;0 0@<8O A?0A0BL &0@O! %>BO =8:0:>9 4>:C<5=B >1 >B@5G5=88, 1C4L 4065 2A0<45;8H=K9 0=8D5AB >1 >B@5G5=88, =5 >A2>1>640; 2>8=AB2> >B ?@8AO38 8 :@5AB>F5;>20=8O, 5A;8 >1 MB>< 2 4>:C<5=B5 =5 3>2>@8;>AL =0?@O<CN. >4 A?CABO, :>340 <?5@0B>@ 35@<0=A:89 8;L35;L< >B@5:0;AO >B @5AB>;0, >= A?5F80;L=K< 0:B>< >A2>1>48; 2>5==KE >B 25@=>AB8 ?@8AO35. "0:>9 0:B 4>;65= 1K; ?>4?8A0BL 8 >AC40@L 8:>;09 ;5:A0=4@>28G, 5A;8 1K 459AB28B5;L=> <KA;8; >1 >B@5G5=88.<br><br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br><br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br><br> 202H85AO C9B8 87-?>4 2>;8 >AC40@O 2 D52@0;5 1917 3>40, 606402H85 >B 2@5<5==>3> @028B5;LAB20 G8=>2 8 =03@04 8 ?@540B5;LAB2>< 8E 70@01>B02H85, => C65 G5@57 3>4, <0:A8<C< 420, >=8 @0AAB0;8AL =5 B>;L:> A B@84F0BLN ?>;CG5==K<8 A5@51@O=8:0<8, A 687=LN @0AAB0;8AL,  B0:>20 8AB8==0O F5=0 ?@540B5;LAB20. <br><br> 5=5@0; C7A:89, 10E20;82H89AO 2 3075B=KE 8=B5@2LN 70A;C30<8 ?5@54 D52@0;LA:>9 @52>;NF859, 70@C1;5= 2 1918 3>4C G5:8AB0<8 =0 OB83>@A:>< :;0418I5. 5=5@0; 20=>2, :><0=4>202H89 A>1>9 N6=>9 0@<859, :>B>@0O 1560;0 ?>4 =0B8A:>< $@C=75, C<5@ 2 1919 3>4C >B B8D0. 4<8@0; >;G0: @0AAB@5;O= 1>;LH528:0<8 2 1920 3>4C, CA?52 ?@5645 ?5@568BL, A?>;=0 8A?8BL G0HC 3>@5G8 87<5=K 8 ?@540B5;LAB20. 5=5@0; >@=8;>2 ?>381 2 =>GL ?5@54 =0ABC?;5=85< 15;KE =0 :0B5@8=>40@. 48=AB25==0O 3@0=0B0, ?@8;5B52H0O 2 ?@54@0AA25B=K9 G0A 2 @0A?>;>65=85 15;KE, ?>?0;0 2 4><, 345 @01>B0; 70 AB>;>< 35=5@0;, >48= >A:>;>:  2 154@>, 4@C3>9  2 28A>:. !2OI5==K9 C60A >E20B8; B>340 2>9A:0, >6LN :0@C C7@5;8 2 A;CG82H5<AO A>;40BK, AC4L10 =0ABC?;5=8O 1K;0 @>:>2K< >1@07>< @5H5=0.<br><br> @5E :;OB2>?@5ABC?;5=8O AB0; B@038G5A:>9 AC4L1>9 2A59 5;>9 0@<88, >B A>;40B 4> :><0=4CNI8E.<br><br> & >AC40@L ?@>I0;AO A @<859 2 >38;525. " >2=> 2 11 G0A>2,  2A?><8=0; 35=5@0; "5E<5=52,  2 425@OE ?>:070;AO >AC40@L. >74>@>202H8AL A ;5:A552K<, >= >15@=C;AO =0?@02> : A>;40B0< 8 ?>74>@>20;AO A =8<8 =53@><:8< 3>;>A><& "4@028O 65;05<, 0H5 8<?5@0B>@A:>5 5;8G5AB2>",  ?>;=K<, 3@><:8< 8 4@C6=K< 3>;>A>< >B25G0;8 A>;40BK& AB0=>282H8AL, >AC40@L =0G0; 3>2>@8BL& = 3>2>@8; 3@><:8< 8 OA=K< 3>;>A><, >G5=L >BG5B;82> 8 >1@07=>, >4=0:>, A8;L=> 2>;=COAL& "!53>4=O O 286C 20A 2 ?>A;54=89 @07,  =0G0; >AC40@L,  B0:>20 2>;O >68O 8 A;54AB285 <>53> @5H5=8O". <?5@0B>@ 1;03>40@8; A>;40B 70 25@=CN A;C61C <C 8 >48=5, 7025I0; 2> GB> 1K B> =8 AB0;> 4>25AB8 4> :>=F0 1>@L1C ?@>B82 65AB>:>3> 2@030, 8 :>340 :>=G8;, =0?@O65=85 70;K, 2A5 2@5<O A3CI02H55AO, =0:>=5F, @07@5H8;>AL. !7048 >AC40@O :B>-B> AC4>@>6=> 2AE;8?=C;. >AB0B>G=> 1K;> MB>3> =0G0;0, GB>1K 2AE;8?K20=8O, C45@60BL :>B>@K5 ?@8ACBAB2CNI85 1K;8, >G5284=>, =5 2 A8;0E, @0740;8AL A@07C 2> <=>38E <5AB0E. =>385 ?@>AB> ?;0:0;8 8 CB8@0;8AL& D8F5@K 5>@3852A:>3> 10B0;L>=0, ;N48, ?> 1>;LH59 G0AB8 =5A:>;L:> @07 @0=5=K5, =5 2K45@60;8: 42>5 87 =8E C?0;8 2 >1<>@>:. 0 4@C3>< :>=F5 70;K @CE=C; :B>-B> 87 A>;40B-:>=2>9F52. >AC40@L =5 2K45@60; 8 1KAB@> =0?@028;AO : 2KE>4C& ". <br><br> "0: @<8O ?@>I0;0AL A> A2>8< &0@5<,  @K40O, 2A:@8:820O, ?040O 2 >1<>@>:8,  > 2>8=A:>9 ?@8AO35, >B :>B>@>9 >AC40@L =5 >A2>1>48; A2>5 2>8=AB2>, > :;OB25 70I8I0BL <?5@0B>@0 "4> ?>A;54=59 :0?;8 :@>28" =5 2A?><=8; =8:B>.<br><br> @<8O =5 2AB0;0 A?0A0BL !0<>45@6F0, O282 A>1>9 A:>?8I5, :0: 8 ?@54A:07K20; "NBG52, "2A5E 2K@>4:>2 75<;8 @>4=>9".  :0: =8 1>;L=> ?@87=020BL, => MB> @CAA:0O 0@<8O ?> ?@8:07C A0<>720==>3> <0A>=A:>3> @5<5==>3> ?@028B5;LAB20 0@5AB>20;0 <?5@0B>@0, E>BO 5A;8 1K >B@5G5=85 O2;O;>AL 70:>==K<, :><C 1K; 1K >?0A5= 3@0640=8= "1K2H89 F0@L". -B> @CAA:0O 0@<8O 148B5;L=> >E@0=O;0 &0@AB25==KE ?;5==8:>2 2 &0@A:>< !5;5, 2 ">1>;LA:5 8 B@51>20;0 A=OBL ?>3>=K A &0@O, 70?@5B8BL ?@>3C;:8 3> 45BO<, >B:070BL !5<L5 2 2>7<>6=>AB8 E>48BL 2 F5@:>2L. -B> @CAA:0O 0@<8O, ?>4=O2 15;>5 7=0<O A>?@>B82;5=8O ?@>B82 1>;LH5287<0, =0G5@B0;0 =0 =5< =5 8<O >=0@E0, 0 ?@>B82=K5 <>=0@H5<C AB@>N 45<>:@0B8G5A:85 ;>7C=38, 2>2A5 =5 ?><KH;OO >1 >A2>1>645=88 <?5@0B>@0, =0E>482H53>AO 2 B> 2@5<O 2 5:0B5@8=1C@3A:>< 70B>G5=88. <br><br>  254L @CAA:>9 0@<88 4020;0AL >B >30 ?>A;54=OO 2>7<>6=>ABL A?0AB8 &0@O 8 >G8AB8BL A51O >B 3@5E0 :;OB2>?@5ABC?;5=8O.  :0B5@8=1C@35 ?@51K20;0 B>340 >AA89A:0O :045<8O 5=5@0;L=>3> (B010! > A>A54AB2C A 1>;LH528:0<8 8 A 70B>G5==K< 8<8 &0@5< 157?@5?OBAB25==> @01>B0;8, >1CG0;8AL :04@>2K5 2>5==K5 1K2H59 &0@A:>9 0@<88, 8<52H85 >?KB =0ABC?0B5;L=KE >?5@0F89, 4825@A8>==>9, @07254K20B5;L=>9 A;C61, 745AL 1K;8 2KA>G09H53> C@>2=O ?@>D5AA8>=0;K A2>53> 45;0, => =5 >:070;>AL 25@=KE >AC40@N 8 @8AO35 2>8=>2. 0 >4=> B>;L:> 8 E20B8;> A;CH0B5;O AB0@H53> :C@A0 :045<88 320@488 :0?8B0=0 0;8=>2A:>3>: "# =0A =8G53> 8 =5 2KH;> A =0H8<8 ?;0=0<8 70 >BACBAB285< 45=53, 8 ?><>IL 23CAB59H59 !5<L5, :@><5 ?>AK;:8 :C;8G0 8 A0E0@0, =8 2 G5< =5 2K@078;0AL".<br><br> @5402 A2>53> <?5@0B>@0, ?>@CH82 0:>= 8 @8AO3C, 0@<8O (2AO!) 8 2 MB>< A>AB>8B >B25BAB25==>ABL ?5@54 >A?>4>< 2A5E 70 3@5E8 <=>38E, ?>=5A;0 70A;C65==>5 =0:070=85  @0745;5=85 =0 15;KE 8 :@0A=KE, 3815;L 8 >BABC?=8G5AB2> 2>6459, :@CH5=85 2>8=A:>3> 4CE0. @<88, =5 2AB02H59 A?0A0BL A2>53> &0@O, >3 =5 40@>20; ?>154K.<br><br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br><br> >@5==>5 7;> 1K;> A>25@H5=> 2 &5@:28 6 <0@B0 1917 3>40, :>340 &5@:>2L 2 ;8F5 !2OB59H53> !8=>40 =5 CA><=8;0AL 2 70:>==>AB8 &0@A:>3> >B@5G5=8O. ">@078B5;L=55 2A53> B>, GB> 2 MB>B <><5=B @07@CH5=8O ?@02>A;02=>9 @CAA:>9 3>AC40@AB25==>AB8, :>340 @C:0<8 157C<F52 =0A8;L=> 873>=O;0AL 1;03>40BL >68O 87 >AA88, E@0=8B5;L=8F0 MB>9 ;03>40B8  @02>A;02=0O &5@:>2L  2 ;8F5 A2>8E 284=59H8E ?@54AB028B5;59 <>;G0;0. =0 =5 >B2068;0AL >AB0=>28BL 7;>459A:CN @C:C =0A8;L=8:>2, 3@>7O 8< ?@>:;OB85< 8 8725@65=85< 87 A2>53> ;>=0, 0 <>;G0 3;O45;0 =0 B>, :0: 70=>A8;AO 7;>459A:89 <5G =04 A2OI5==>N ;02>N ><070==8:0 >68O 8 =04 >AA859& ",  ?8A0; > B5E 4=OE B>20@8I >15@-?@>:C@>@0 !2OB59H53> !8=>40 :=O7L 8:>;09 520E>2, :>B>@K9 5I5 70 =545;N 4> ?A:>2A:>3> ?;5=5=8O <?5@0B>@0 C<>;O; <8B@>?>;8B0 852A:>3> ;048<8@0, 1K2H53> 2 !8=>45 ?5@25=AB2CNI8< G;5=><, 2K?CAB8BL 2>7720=85 : =0A5;5=8N, GB>1K >=> 1K;> ?@>G8B0=> 2 F5@:20E 8 @0A:;55=> =0 C;8F0E. "/ 4>1028;, GB> &5@:>2L =5 4>;6=0 AB>OBL 2 AB>@>=5 >B @07K3@K20NI8EAO A>1KB89 8 GB> 55 2@07C<;ONI89 3>;>A 2A5340 C<5AB5=, 0 2 40==>< A;CG05 4065 =5>1E>48<". @54;>65=85 1K;> >B25@3=CB>".<br><br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br><br> 5 <0@B0 1917 3>40 2 >38;525, =5 C1>O2H8AL 3=520 >68O, =5 CABK482H8AL ?@8ACBAB28O >AC40@O, HB01=>5 8 ?@842>@=>5 A2OI5=AB2> >A<5;8;>AL A;C68BL ;8BC@38N 157 2>7=>H5=8O !0<>45@602=>3> &0@A:>3> 8<5=8. " E@0<5 AB>O;0 C4828B5;L=0O B8H8=0,  2A?><8=0; ?>765 35=5@0;-<09>@ C15=A:89.  ;C1>:> <>;8B25==>5 =0AB@>5=85 >E20B8;> 2A5E ?@8H54H8E AN40. A5 ?>=8<0;8, GB> 2 F5@:>2L ?@81K; ?>A;54=89 @07 >AC40@L, 5I5 420 4=O B><C =0704 !0<>45@65F 5;8G09H59 >AA89A:>9 <?5@88 8 5@E>2=K9 3;02=>:><0=4CNI89 CAA:>9 0@<88.  =0 5:B5=LOE ?><8=0;8 C65 =5 !0<>45@602=59H03> 5;8:03> >AC40@O 0H53> <?5@0B>@0 8:>;0O ;5:A0=4@>28G0, 0 ?@>AB> >AC40@O 8:>;0O ;5:A0=4@>28G0. 53:89, 5420 70<5B=K9 HC< ?@>H5; ?> E@0<C, :>340 CA;KH0=0 1K;0 87<5=5==0O 5:B5=LO. "K A;KH8B5, C65 =5 ?@>87=>AOB "!0<>45@65F",  A:070; AB>O2H89 2?5@548 <5=O 35=5@0; 0@KH:8=. =>385 ?;0:0;8".<br><br> -B> A25@H8;>AL 2 ?@8ACBAB288 25;8:>9 @CAA:>9 ?@02>A;02=>9 A2OBK=8  ;048<8@A:>9 8:>=K >6859 0B5@8, ?@82575==>9 2 !B02:C ?5@54 ?@074=8:>< @5A2OB>9 "@>8FK 28 <0O 1916 3>40. :>=0, 1;03>A;>282H0O =0G0;> CAA:>3> &0@AB20, =5@CH8<>5 <=>3>25:>2>5 !0<>45@602=>5 !B>O=85 53>, C7@5;0 2 B>B G0A, :0: >AA8O ?5@5AB0;0 >B:@KB> <>;8BLAO 70 &0@O. <br><br> #65 =0702B@0 MB>B A0<>2>;L=K9 ?>G8= 1K; C:@5?;5= @5H5=85< !2OB59H53> !8=>40: "0@B0 6 4=O !2OB59H89 !8=>4, 2KA;CH02 A>AB>O2H89AO 2 <0@B0 0:B >1 >B@5G5=88 >AC40@O <?5@0B>@0 8:>;0O II 70 A51O 8 70 AK=0 >B @5AB>;0 >AC40@AB20 >AA89A:>3> 8 > A;>65=88 A A51O 5@E>2=>9 2;0AB8, 8 A>AB>O2H89AO 3 <0@B0 0:B >1 >B:075 5;8:>3> =O7O 8E08;0 ;5:A0=4@>28G0 >B 2>A?@8OB8O 5@E>2=>9 2;0AB8 2?@54L 4> CAB0=>2;5=8O 2 #G@548B5;L=>< A>1@0=88 >1@070 ?@02;5=8O 8 =>2KE >A=>2=KE 70:>=>2 >AC40@AB20 >AA89A:>3>, ?@8:070;8: >7=0G5==K5 0:BK ?@8=OBL : A2545=8N 8 8A?>;=5=8N 8 >1JO28BL 2> 2A5E ?@02>A;02=KE E@0<0E& ?>A;5 >65AB25==>9 ;8BC@388 A A>25@H5=85< <>;51AB28O >A?>4C >3C >1 CB8H5=88 AB@0AB59, A 2>73;0H5=85< <=>3>;5B8O >3>E@0=8<>9 5@6025 >AA89A:>9 8 1;03>25@=><C @5<5==><C @028B5;LAB2C 5O". "0: !8=>4 1;03>A;>28; =5 <>;8BLAO 70 &0@O 8 CAA:>5 &0@AB2>.  2 >B25B A> 2A5E :>=F>2 >AA88 =5A;8AL @0?>@BK ?>A;CH=KE 8A?>;=8B5;59 70:>=>?@5ABC?=>3> 45;0: ":BK ?@>G8B0=K. >;515= A>25@H5=. @8=OB> A ?>;=K< A?>:>9AB285<. 048 CA?>:>5=8O ?> 65;0=8N 8 ?@>AL15 4CE>25=AB20 ?> B5;53@0DC >B?@02;5=> ?@825BAB285 ?@54A540B5;N C<K".<br><br> B> 2 &5@:28 2 B5 4=8 C60A=C;AO, :B> 274@>3=C; 2 ?@54425@88 3@O4CI59 @0A?;0BK 70 =0@CH5=85 >4=>3> 87 >A=>2=KE 0:>=>2 @02>A;02=>9 >AA89A:>9 8<?5@88: "<?5@0B>@ O:> %@8AB80=A:89 >AC40@L 5ABL 25@E>2=K9 70I8B=8: 8 E@0=8B5;L 4>3<0B>2 3>A?>4AB2CNI59 25@K 8 1;NAB8B5;L ?@02>25@8O 8 2AO:>3> 2 &5@:28 !2OB>9 1;03>G8=8O&  A5< A<KA;5 <?5@0B>@& 8<5=C5BAO ;02>N &5@:28"? <br><br> <5=0 25@=KE A2>5<C ;025 85@0@E>2 &5@:28 <K 7=05< =0?5@5G5B, 8E <0;>, 8E >G5=L <0;>: <8B@>?>;8B 5B@>3@04A:89 8B8@8<, 0@5AB>20= 2 <0@B0 2<5AB5 A &0@A:8<8 <8=8AB@0<8, 0 6 <0@B0 >AB0=>2;5=85< !2. !8=>40 C2>;5= =0 ?>:>9; <8B@>?>;8B >A:>2A:89 8 >;><5=A:89 0:0@89, C2>;5= =0 ?>:>9 A 1 0?@5;O 1917 3>40; 0@E85?8A:>? %0@L:>2A:89 8 EBK@A:89 =B>=89, 70O282H89: "B 25@=>AB8 &0@N <5=O <>65B >A2>1>48BL B>;L:> 3> =525@=>ABL %@8ABC", 2A:>@5 873=0= 87 %0@L:>20 =0 0;00<; 5?8A:>? ">1>;LA:89 8 !818@A:89 5@<>35=, <CG5=8G5A:>9 A<5@BLN 70?5G0B;52H89 25@=>ABL &0@N 8 3> !5<L5, CB>?;5= :@0A=K<8 2 "C@5 16 8N=O 1918 3>40; 5?8A:>? 0<G0BA:89 5AB>@, 2>73;028; 548=AB25==CN ?>?KB:C A?0A5=8O &0@A:>9 !5<L8; 0@E85?8A:>? 8B>2A:89 "8E>=, 1C4CI89 0B@80@E, 2?>A;54AB288 ?>AK;02H89 >AC40@N 2 70B>G5=85 1;03>A;>25=85 8 ?@>AD>@C, 2K=CBCN ?> &0@A:><C G8=C, G5@57 5?8A:>?0 ">1>;LA:>3> 5@<>35=0&  25@=>AB8 &0@N 4@C38E 2 A2OI5==>=0G0;88 =8G53> =5 8725AB=>.<br><br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br><br> =8 1;03>A;>28;8 F0@5>BABC?=8G5AB2>: "0 A25@H8;0AL 2>;O >68O. >AA8O 2ABC?8;0 =0 ?CBL =>2>9 3>AC40@AB25==>9 687=8. 0 1;03>A;>28B >A?>4L =0HC 25;8:CN >48=C AG0ABL5< 8 A;02>9 =0 =>2>< ?CB8!" (7 >1@0I5=8O !2. !8=>40 5@=K< G040< !2. @02>A;02=>9 &5@:28).<br><br> >@L:> A53>4=O G8B0BL MB8 AB@>:8, 81> <K 7=05< > B>< "AG0ABL5" 8 > B>9 "A;025", :>B>@K5 640;8 >AA8N 157 &0@O, 0 ?>B><C 8 >AA8N 157 >30. >340 1>;LH85 ;N48 &5@:28 1;03>A;>28;8 F0@5>BABC?=8G5AB2>, <0;5=L:85 ;N48 5, 25@=K5 G040, ?@><>;G0;8. <br><br> 0;5=L:85 ;N48 ?>AG8B0;8 A51O A;8H:>< <0;5=L:8<8, GB>1K >BAB>OBL CAA:>5 &0@AB2>. 5 2AB0;0 @02>A;02=0O CAL A?0A0BL A2>53> 5;>3> &0@O. BH0B=C;8AL >B <?5@0B>@0 B5 87 4CE>2=KE, :B> ?> 4>;3C A2>5<C 4>;6=K 1K;8 =8 =0 H03 =5 >BABC?0BL >B 53>. 0254CNI89 ?@842>@=K< 4CE>25=AB2>< ?@>B>?@5A28B5@ @842>@=KE A>1>@>2 ;5:A0=4@ 5@=>2 A<8@5==> 8A?@0H8205B C:070=89 !8=>40 ">B=>A8B5;L=> B>3>, :0: 1C45B 2 40;L=59H55 2@5<O ACI5AB2>20BL 2A5 @842>@=>5 4CE>25=AB2>", G5< 5<C :>@<8BLAO 8 :><C ?>4G8=OBLAO. 7 136 G5;>25: ?@8GB0 ?@842>@=KE A>1>@>2 8 F5@:259  ?@>B>85@552, A2OI5==8:>2, ?@>B>4LO:>=>2, 4LO:>=>2, ?A0;><I8:>2  =8 >48= =5 ?>A;54>20; 70 >AC40@5< 2 70B>G5=85, =8 >48= =5 @0745;8; A 8< 53> <CG5=8G5A:>3> :@5AB0. <br><br> 'B> 3>2>@8BL, 1K;8 A@548 ?>H54H8E =0 @5AB 70 <?5@0B>@>< 42>@O=5, 8 42>@O=8= 4>:B>@ .!.>B:8= ?8A0; 87 :0B5@8=1C@3A:>3> 70B>G5=8O: "/ C<5@  C<5@ 4;O A2>8E 45B59, 4;O 4@C759, 4;O 45;0.., GB>1K 8A?>;=8BL A2>9 2@0G51=K9 4>;3 4> :>=F0".  42>@O=8= 35=5@0;-04JNB0=B .."0B8I52 2A?><8=0; > A2>5< @5H5=88 =0 ?@>AL1C >AC40@O ?>5E0BL A =8< 2 AAK;:C: "0 B0:>5 <>=0@H55 1;03>2>;5=85 C :>3> 8 <>3;0 ;8 ?>72>;8BL A>25ABL 45@7=CBL >B:070BL >AC40@N 2 B0:CN BO65;CN <8=CBC". K;8 A@548 25@=KE A;C3 &0@52KE :@5ABLO=5 8 <5I0=5, 8 :0<5@48=5@ >AC40@K=8 :@5ABLO=8= >;:>2 > A2>59 25@=>AB8 &0@N 3>2>@8; ?@>AB>: "-B> 1K;0 A0<0O A2OB0O G8AB0O !5<LO!". K;8 C !5<L8 25@=K5 A;C38-8=>AB@0=FK 8 8=>25@FK  0=3;8G0=8= 811A 8 D@0=FC7 8;LO@. CE>2=KE ;8F A@548 ?>A;54>202H8E 70 &0@5< 2 70B>G5=85 =5 1K;>.<br><br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br><br> &0@A:0O A5<LO, A 87C<;5=85< >B<5G0; !B>@>652, 2K@060;0 "8A:;NG8B5;L=CN ?>GB8B5;L=>ABL : A2OI5==><C A0=C", ?@8 2E>45 2 70; A2OI5==8:0 >B4020;8 5<C ?>:;>=. !0< 65 !B>@>652 =5 8<5; 2>;8 2K@078BL ?>GB8B5;L=>ABL : A2OI5==><C A0=C &0@O 8 ;8HL "<>;G0;82> ?@825BAB2>20;" !5<LN. ">;G0;82> ?@825BAB2>20;"! 0:>5 AB@0H=>5 ?@87=0=85 2 F0@5>BABC?=8G5AB25 AB>8B 70 MB8<8 A;>20<8. I5 =5402=> >= 45@7=CBL =5 <>3, ?><KA;8BL 4065 > G5AB8 >:070BLAO 21;878 ><070==8:0 >68O, 0 B5?5@L "<>;G0;82> ?@825BAB2>20;" 3> 5;8G5AB2>, B> 5ABL :820; 5<C 3>;>2>9, >B25@30O 2 AB@0E5 8C459A:>< 3>;>A A>25AB8, GB> &0@L >AB0;AO &0@5<, GB> 2>;O ;N4A:0O, >B25@3H0O 3> !0<>45@60285 8 ?@57@52H0O 3> ><070==8G5AB2>,  =8GB> 2 >G0E >688E.<br><br> "0:85, :0: !B>@>652, A?5H=> A>18@0;8 A>1>@K 8 A>1@0=8O 2 C5740E 8 3C15@=8OE, GB>1K 70A2845B5;LAB2>20BL A2>N ?>445@6:C "=>2><C AB@>N", 0 =0 A0<>< 45;5, GB>1K ?@540BL ?>@C30=8N &0@AB2>. "CE>25=AB2> 3>@>40 :0B5@8=>40@0 2K@0605B A2>N @04>ABL 2 =0ABC?;5=88 =>2>9 M@K 2 687=8 @02>A;02=>9 &5@:28& ", "<A:>5 4CE>25=AB2> ?@825BAB2C5B =>2K5 CA;>28O 687=8 =0H5B> B5G5AB20 :0: 70;>3 <>3CG53> @0728B8O @CAA:>3> =0F8>=0;L=>3> 4CE0", "7 >2>C75=A:0. B@5:0OAL >B 3=8;>3> @568<0, A5@45G=> ?@8A>548=ONAL : =>2><C. @>B>85@59 =O752", "1I55 ?0ABK@A:>5 A>1@0=85 3>@>40 ;0482>AB>:0  >?;>B0 40;5:>9 >:@08=K 5;8:>9 >AA88  ?@825BAB2C5B >1=>2;5==K9 AB@>9 55", "@8E>60=5 5:8=A:>9 2>;>AB8 0==A:>3> C. "><A:>9 3C1. ?@>A8;8 ?@8=5AB8 1;03>40@=>ABL =>2><C @028B5;LAB2C 70 C?@074=5=85 AB0@>3> AB@>O, AB0@>3> ?@028B5;LAB20 8 >A:@5A5=85 =>2>3> AB@>O 687=8. B 8E 8<5=8 A2OI. 8E08; >:@>2A:89", "CE>25=AB2> '5<10@A:>3> >:@C30 5=75=A:>9 5?0@E88 2K=5A;> A;54CNICN @57>;NF8N: 2 1;8609H89 2>A:@5A=K9 45=L A>25@H8BL >A?>4C >3C 1;03>40@AB25==>5 <>;5=85 70 =8A?>A;0==>5 >3>E@0=8<>9 45@6025 >AA89A:>9 >1=>2;5=85 >AC40@AB25==>3> AB@>O, A 2>73;0H5=85< <=>3>;5B8O ;03>25@=K< @028B5;O<. CE>25=AB2> >:@C30 ?> A>1AB25==><C A2>5<C >?KBC ?@8H;> : A>7=0B5;L=><C C15645=8N, GB> @CE=C2H89 AB@>9 402=> >B68; A2>9 25:", ""C;LA:>5 4CE>25=AB2> 2 B5A=>< 548=5=88 A <8@O=0<8, A>1@02H8AL =0 A2>9 ?5@2K9 A2>1>4=K9 5?0@E80;L=K9 AJ574, AG8B05B A2>8< 4>;3>< 2K@078BL B25@4CN C25@5==>ABL, GB> @02>A;02=0O &5@:>2L 2>7@>48BAO : =>2>9 A25B;>9 687=8 =0 =0G0;0E A2>1>4K 8 A>1>@=>AB8", "7 018=A:>9. 74>E=C2 >1;53G5==> ?> A;CG0N 40@>20=8O &5@:28 A2>1>4K, A>1@0=85 A2OI5==>-F5@:>2=>A;C68B5;59 ?@8=8<05B =>2K9 AB@>9"& <br><br> CE>25=AB2> 2A59 >AA88  >B 8B51A:0 4> ;0482>AB>:0, >B /:CBA:0 4> !CEC<0  ?@54AB02;5=> 2 B0:8E 2>B B5;53@0<<0E. 0: 70B<5=85 =0H;> =0 MB8E >1;5G5==KE 4>;3>< ;N459, 4>25@82H8EAO @52>;NF8>==>9 ?@>?030=45, =0G8B02H8EAO 3075B=>9 B@02;8, =0?8B02H8EAO :@0<>;L=K< 4CE>< 45<>:@0B88, 2 157>BG5B=>AB8, GB> =0@CH0NB @8AO3C, ?@8=5A5==CN 8<8 ?@8 ?>AB02;5=88 2 A2OI5==8G5A:89 A0= =0 25@=>ABL >AC40@N <?5@0B>@C, :>B>@CN >AC40@L <?5@0B>@ 4;O =8E =5 >B<5=O;:<br><br> "15I0NAL 8 :;O=CAL A5<>3CI8< >3>< ?@54 !2OBK< 20=35;85< 2 B><, GB> E>IC 8 4>;65= 3> <?5@0B>@A:><C 5;8G5AB2C, A2>5<C 8AB8==><C 8 ?@8@>4=><C A5<8;>AB8259H5<C 5;8:><C >AC40@N, <?5@0B>@C 8:>;0N ;5:A0=4@>28GC, !0<>45@6FC A5@>AA89A:><C, 8 70:>==><C 3> <?5@0B>@A:>3> 5;8G5AB20 A5@>AA89A:>3> @5AB>;0 0A;54=8:C 25@=> 8 =5;8F5<5@=> A;C68BL 8 2> 2A5< ?>28=>20BLAO, =5 I04O 682>B0 A2>53> 4> ?>A;54=59 :0?;8 :@>28&  70:;NG5=85 A53> :;OB25==>3> >15I0=8O <>53> F5;CN !;>20 8 @5AB !?0A8B5;O <>53>. <8=L".<br><br> 0: <>6=> 1K;> =5 2540BL ?@02>A;02=><C A2OI5=AB2C, GB> =0@CH5=85 @8AO38, ?@8=5A5==>9 8<8 =0 20=35;88, GB> >A:25@=5=85 8<8 :@5AB>F5;>20=8O =02;5:CB =0 =8E AB@0H=K5 154AB28O, 254L >B@5G5=85 >B &0@O, ><070==8:0 >6L53>, O2;O;>AL >B@5G5=85< >B A0<>3> >A?>40 8 %@8AB0 3>. > MB> 2 B>B G0A =8:>3> =5 ?CB0;>, >4=0 70 4@C3>9 ;5B5;8 2 !2OB59H89 !8=>4 B5;53@0<<K: "15@-?@>:C@>@C !2. !8=>40. 10.3.1917. 7 >2>G5@:0AA:0. 4C @0A?>@O65=89 >B=>A8B5;L=> 87<5=5=8O B5:AB0 ?@8AO38 4;O AB02;5==8:>2. @09=OO =C640 2 MB>< ?> >=A:>9 ?0@E88. @E85?8A:>? >=A:>9 8B@>D0=". 'C4>28I=>, => : AB02;5==8G5A:>9 @8AO35 A2OI5==8:0 &0@N >B=5A;8AL, :0: : CAB0@52H5<C 8 4>;6=><C 1KBL C?@074=5==K< >1KG0N, =5 1>;55.<br><br> "0: AB>8B ;8 C482;OBLAO @07<5@0< 154AB289, GB> :0@0NI59 45A=8F59 ?>A;0; >A?>4L =0 &5@:>2L.<br><br> 0@B 1918-3>. #18B A2OI5==8: AB0=8FK #ABL-018=A:>9 8E08; 8A8FK=. "@8 4=O 2>48;8 53> ?> AB0=8F5 A ?5B;59 =0 H55, 3;C<8;8AL, 18;8. 0 B5;5 >:070;>AL 1>;55 45AOB8 @0=, 8 3>;>20 87@C1;5=0 2 :CA:8. -B> >BAN40, 87 018=A:>9, =5A;>AL 2 !8=>4 ?@825BAB285 A>1@0=8O A2OI5==>A;C68B5;59 =>2><C AB@>N.<br><br> ?@5;L 1918-3>.  0AEC, ?>4 !2OBCN 70CB@5=N, A2OI5==8:C >0==C @83>@>2A:><C AB0=8FK 570<052A:>9, GB> @O4>< A :0B5@8=>40@><, 2K:>;>;8 3;070, >B@570;8 O7K: 8 CH8, 70 AB0=8F59, A2O702H8, 682>3> 70:>?0;8 2 =02>7=>9 O<5. CE>25=AB2> :0B5@8=>40@0 2A53> 3>4 =0704 2K@060;> @04>ABL >B =0ABC?;5=8O =>2>9 M@K 2 687=8 &5@:28.<br><br> 5A=>9 1918-3> 2 "C;5 1>;LH528:8 @0AAB@5;O;8 :@5AB=K9 E>4 87 ?C;5<5B>2. !>2A5< =5402=> BC;LA:>5 4CE>25=AB2> "2 B5A=>< 548=5=88 A <8@O=0<8" =045O;>AL =0 2>7@>645=85 &5@:28 ": =>2>9 A25B;>9 687=8 =0 =0G0;0E A2>1>4K 8 A>1>@=>AB8".<br><br> N;L 1919-3>. @E85?8A:>? >=A:>9 8 >2>G5@:0AA:89 8B@>D0= A1@>H5= A 2KA>:>9 AB5=K 8 @0718;AO =0A<5@BL. -B> >= G5BK@5 <5AOF0 =0704 B>@>?8; !8=>4 A 87<5=5=85< B5:AB0 ?@8AO38 4;O AB02;5==8:>2.<br><br> 0@B 1920-3>.  <A:>9 BN@L<5 C18B 0@E85?8A:>? !8;L25AB@ <A:89 8 02;>40@A:89. -B> ?>4G8=5==>5 5<C 4CE>25=AB2> >4>1@O;> B5;53@0<<>9 =>2K5 CA;>28O 687=8 B5G5AB20& <br><br> @<8O 8 &5@:>2L  425 >@30=87>20==K5 @CAA:85 A8;K, :>B>@K5 A>3;0A=> 0:>=0< CAA:>3> &0@AB20 8 ?@8=>A8<>9 :064K< 87 A;C60I8E @8AO35 >1O70=K 1K;8 70I8I0BL CAA:>5 &0@AB2>, >AC40@O 8 3> 0A;54=8:0 4> ?>A;54=59 :0?;8 :@>28, =0@CH8;8 8 0:>=, 8 @8AO3C 8 ?>=5A;8 70 MB> =0:070=85, C7@52 2 ;8F>, GB> 5ABL GC4> 3=520 >68O. 5 2845BL >6L53> 2>740O=8O 70 =0@CH5=85 :;OB2K 8 70 A25@65=85 &0@O (8<5==> 70 A25@65=85, 0 =5 4>1@>2>;L=>5 >B@5G5=85!) 2 ?>A;54>202H8E 70 MB8< @52>;NF8>==KE A>1KB8OE  2 1>;LH528ABA:>< 2>AAB0=88, 2 3@0640=A:>9 2>9=5, 2 3>=5=8OE ?@>B82 &5@:28  7=0G8B =8G53> =5 ?>=8<0BL 2 @CAA:>9 8AB>@88, A>25@H0NI59AO ?> @><KA;C >68N.<br><br> !C4L1K @<88 8 &5@:28 O28;8AL ?@54B5G59 AC4L1K 2A53> @CAA:>3> =0@>40, :>B>@K9 =5 <>3 =5 >B25B8BL 70 &0@5>BABC?=8G5AB2>, 25AL =0@>4 >B25B8; 70 3@5E <=>38E 87 =53>. <5==> 2 =0@CH5=88 :;OB2K  !>1>@=>3> >AB0=>2;5=8O 1613 3>40 =0 25G=CN 25@=>ABL @CAA:8E F0@A:><C @>4C ><0=>2KE  ?@8G8=0 =5A:>=G05<KE @CAA:8E 154.<br><br> >AC40@O C18;0 3>@AB:0 "2K@>4:>2 75<;8 @>4=>9", A;C682H0O 6840<, ;0BKH0<, 25=3@0<, => 3@5E &0@5C189AB20 ;53 =0 2A5E @CAA:8E 8 1C45B ;560BL, >BO3>I0O =0A >6L8<8 :07=O<8, 4>:>;5 A>1>@=> =5 ?>:05<AO 2 A>45O==><. 54L 8 %@8AB0 C18;8 =5<=>385 8C458, => 3@5E >3>C189AB20 ;568B =0 2A5< 52@59A:>< =0@>45 8 1C45B ;560BL ?5G0BLN 1>3>>B25@65==>AB8 4> A:>=G0=8O 25:>2. 0H 65 3@5E ?>4>15= 8C459A:><C 2> 2A5<, 254L 8C458 ?@>3=0;8 >A?>40, 0 <K ?@>3=0;8 &0@O, =0 :>B>@>< 1;03>40B=> ?@51K20; >A?>4L. K C?>4>18;8AL 1>3>=5=028AB=8:0< 8C45O< 2 B><, GB> ?>25@8;8 8C459A:>9 ;68 > G5@=KE 45;0E <?5@0B>@0 8 3> !5<L8, =5 >0==C @>=HB04BA:><C ?>25@8;8, 3>2>@82H5<C: "&0@L C =0A ?@0254=>9 8 1;03>G5AB82>9 687=8", 0 3075B=K< :;525B0< 8 2K<KA;0<, C<5;> 2=54@O5<K< 2 A>7=0=85 "G8B0NI59 ?C1;8:8" 52@59A:8<8 845>;>30<8, :>B>@K5 425 BKAOG8 ;5B =0704 >A?>40 0H53> 8ACA0 %@8AB0 >:;525B0;8, ";>6LN AE20B8;8 8 C18;8" (D.26, 4). <br><br> 0: :>340-B> 52@58-1>3>C189FK "70?;520;8 ;8F5 %@8AB0 8 ?0:>AB8 <C 45O;8" (D. 26,67), 254><><C =0 :@5AB=CN A<5@BL, B0: 8 @CAA:85 2K@>4:8, >128=OO &0@O 8 &0@8FC 2 87<5=5, B@51>20;8 @0A?@02K 8 4065 >AB0=02;820;8 =0 ?CBOE ?>574, 257H89 !5<LN 2 ">1>;LA:, :@8G0;8: "8:>;0H:0, :@>2>?89F0, =5 ?CAB8<!". @52KH5 A8; G5;>25G5A:8E &0@N B5@?5BL ?>=>H5=85 >B A2>53> =0@>40, => =, :0: %@8AB>A, B5@?5; 8 <>;G0;. 7 ">1>;LA:0 2 :0B5@8=1C@3 3>, >AC40@K=N 8 5;8:CN :=O6=C 0@8N 257;8 =0 B5;530E, CAB;0==KE A>;><>9, 27OB>9 >B A28=59. " 568< &0@A:>9 !5<L8 1K; C60A5=, 8E ?@8B5A=O;8& =O6=K, ?> ?@85745 2 :0B5@8=1C@3, A?0;8 =0 ?>;C, =5 1K;> 4;O =8E :@>20B59".  >AC40@L 8 >AC40@K=O 3>2>@8;8, A:>@1O 8 B5@?O: ">1@K9, E>@>H89, <O3:89 =0@>4. 3> A<CB8;8 EC4K5 ;N48 2 MB>9 @52>;NF88. 5 70?@028;0<8 O2;ONBAO 684K. > 2A5 MB> 2@5<5==>5. -B> 2A5 ?@>945B. 0@>4 >?><=8BAO, 8 A=>20 1C45B ?>@O4>:". "0: 3>2>@8; !0< %@8AB>A: "BG5, >B?CAB8 8<, =5 2540NB 1>, GB> B2>@OB" (:. 23,34).<br><br> B>@O 52@59A:>9 ?@>?030=45, <K =07K20;8 &0@O :@>202K<, EC;8;8 3> <0B5@=K<8 @C30B5;LAB20<8 2 =04?8AOE =0 AB5=0E ?0BL52A:>3> 4><0. >=>A=K5 A;>20 =0 &0@O 8 &0@8FC ?8A0;8 B0:, GB>1K 8E 2845;8 &0@A:85 45B8, ?>E01=K5 G0ABCH:8 @0A?520;8 B0:, GB>1K 8E A;KH0;8 &0@A:85 45B8. CG8B5;8 >A>15==> ;N18;8 874520BLAO =04 45BL<8 <?5@0B>@0, 254L MB> 1>;L=55 2A53> A5@4FC @>48B5;59. 48= 87 C189F, @>A:C@O:>2, =0 4>?@>A5 C !>:>;>20 ?>:070;: " @07 84C O ?> C;8F5 <8<> 4><0 8 286C, 2 >:=> 2K3;O=C;0 <;04H0O 4>GL >AC40@O =0AB0A8O, 0 >4:>@KB>2, AB>O2H89 B>340 =0 :0@0C;5, :0: C2840; MB>, 8 2KAB@5;8; 2 =55 87 28=B>2:8. ">;L:> ?C;O 2 =55 =5 ?>?0;0, 0 C3>48;0 ?>2KH5 2 :>AO:".<br><br> K ?>4>1=> 8C45O<-1>3>1>@F0< CG0AB2>20;8 2 C185=88 A2>53> >3>=>A=>3> &0@O. >2>@N "<K", ?>B><C GB> =0 =0A A53>4=OH=8E ;568B 28=0 70 3@5E ?@54:>2, 4065 5A;8 1K ?>4@CG=K<8 684>2-C189F 1K;8 ;8HL @01>G85 :0B5@8=1C@30, => 254L 2AO <=>3>G8A;5==0O @CAA:0O G5;O4L @O4>< A .@>2A:8< 8 >;>I5:8=K<, 2A5 MB8 >E@0==8:8, 2>48B5;8, G5:8ABK 1K;8 8725@3=CBK 2 :0B5@8=1C@3 87 @07=KE :>=F>2 >AA88: /:8<>2  87 5@<8, CB8;>2  87 652A:0, #AB8=>2  87 !>;8:0<A:0, @>E>@>2  87 #DK, A>:8=  87 070=8, 20= ><0=>2  87 /@>A;02;O, <8B@852  87 5B@>3@040, 0@0:CH52  87 "C;K, 010=>2  87 <A:0, 01CH52  87 0;>@>AA88& <br><br> 0, 2 ">1>;LA:5 70?@028;0<8 &0@A:>3> 70B>G5=8O 1K;8 @C:>2>48B5;8 <5AB=>3> A>245?0 CF<0=, 59A5;L, 8F;5@, 030=8F:89, 8A0@52A:89, 0A;02A:89, => =5?>A@54AB25==0O >E@0=0 &0@AB25==KE C7=8:>2 1K;0 ?>GB8 A?;>HL @CAA:0O! 0, MB> 8C458 !25@4;>2, 5=8=, 5;>1>@>4>2, >;>I5:8=, !0D0@>2, 0478=A:89 ?@83>2>@8;8 &0@O : A<5@B8, 40, MB> 684 .@>2A:89 ?5@2K< 2KAB@5;8; 2 >AC40@O, => @O4>< A =8< AB>O; 8 AB@5;O; 2 @CAA:>3> &0@O @CAA:89 025; 5425452, AKA5@BA:89 @01>G89, ?5@2K9 ?>4@CG=K9 .@>2A:>3>. 0, C=8GB>60BL B5;0 &0@AB25==KE <CG5=8:>2, 70<K20BL 8E :@>2L =0 ?>;C 8 AB5=0E, 3@018BL 8E 25I8 ?@8:07K20;8 684K .@>2A:89, >;>I5:8=, >9:>2, 8:C;8=, !0D0@>2, 5;>1>@>4>2& , => 8A?>;=O;8 2A5 MB>, =5 ?@>B82OAL 8 A>25ABLN =5 <CG0OAL, @CAA:85 520B=KE, 0@B88, >AB>CA>2, /:8<>2, 5425452& 0, 2 :0B5@8=1C@3A:>9 "G@572KG09:5" 1K;8 A?;>HL 684K >@8=, 093>@>4>2, 0478=A:89, !0E0@>2, /2>@A:89, => MB> @CAA:0O =568BL 5425452 3>2>@8; A;54>20B5;N !>:>;>2C: ">?@>A>< > B><, :B> @0A?>@O60;AO AC4L1>9 &0@A:>9 !5<L8 8 8<5; ;8 =0 B> ?@02>, O =5 8=B5@5A>20;AO, 0 8A?>;=O; ;8HL ?@8:070=8O B5E, :><C A;C68;& / 4>3040;AO, GB> .@>2A:89 3>2>@8B > @0AAB@5;5 2A59 &0@A:>9 !5<L8 8 682H8E ?@8 =59 4>:B>@0 8 A;C3, => =5 A?@>A8;, :>340 8 :5< 1K;> ?>AB0=>2;5=> @5H5=85 > @0AAB@5;5".<br><br> -B> <K, @CAA:85, ?@540;8 &0@O 8=>?;5<5==8:0<, MB> <K, @CAA:85, AB@5;O;8 2 3> 65=C, 2 3> 45B59, 8 70 25@=CN A;C61C 8C45O< ?>;CG0;8 A2>8 A5@51@O=8:8, C?>4>1OAL C45-?@540B5;N, 2>?@>H02H5<C C 0@E85@552 ?;0BK 70 %@8AB0: "'B> <=5 4048B5, 8 O ?@540< 3>" (D.26,15). >B 4>:C<5=B-@0A?8A:0 G5@57 B@8 4=O ?>A;5 C189AB20: "20 8N;O 1918 3>40 ?>;CG8; 5425452 45=53 4;O 2K40G8 60;>20=LO :><0=45 4><0 >A>1>3> =07=0G5=8O >B :><5=40=B0 .@>2A:>3> 45AOBL BKAOG 2>A5<LA>B @C1;59".<br><br> %@8AB>A A:070; >1 C45: ">1@> 1K 1K;> 5A;8 1K =5 @>48;AO G5;>25: B>B" (D. 26,24). CGH5 1K 1K;> =5 @>48BLAO 8 B5< @CAA:8< 5425452K<, GB> C18;8 >AC40@O, 0 ?>A;5 C189AB20 "@0745;8;8 @87K 3>" ?>4>1=> %@8AB>2K< >45640<, @0AB0I8;8, :0: @0A:;520;8, A:@><=>5 &0@A:>5 8<CI5AB2>: AB0@K5 1@N:8 A =5A:>;L:8<8 70?;0B0<8 8 40B>9 8E ?>H820 =0 ?>OA:5 "4 023CAB0 1900 3>40", ?@8=04;5602H85 >AC40@N; :>60=K9 A0:2>O6, AC:>==K5 ?5@G0B:8, ?CE>2K5 =>A:8, 420 A5@51@O=KE :>;LF0 5;8:8E :=O65=; 18=>:;L; B@8 28;:8, B5@<><5B@, @0H?8;L; 3@515H>:, <K;L=8FC, 45BA:85 83@CH:8 0A;54=8:0  >;>2O==KE A>;40B8:>2, ?0@>E>48:, ;>4>G:C& >B8=:8 >AC40@K=8 8 A0?>6:8 5;8:8E :=O6>= G5:8ABK @0740;8 A2>8< 65=0< 8 ;N1>2=8F0<, ?CE>20O ?>4CH:0 >B:>G520;0 : :><8AA0@>2>9 65=5. 5 B@>=C;8 8:>=K 8 :=838. 0 ?>;:5 >AB0;8AL AB>OBL >2K9 025B 8 A0;BK@L, >;8B2>A;>2 <?5@0B>@0, "5;8:>5 2 <0;><" 8;CA0, "5AB28F0" >0==0 5AB28G=8:0 A ?><5B:0<8 >AC40@K=8 8 55 65 :=830 " B5@?5=88 A:>@159". ! 8:>=K $5>4>@>2A:>9 >6L59 0B5@8 A>4@0;8 7>;>B>9 25=G8: 8 72574C A 1@8;;80=B0<8, >1>1@0==CN >AB028;8 AB>OBL =0 AB>;5 @O4>< A >3>@>48G=>9 8:>=>9 ">AB>9=> 5ABL", 345 2 @C:0E >3><;045=F0  A28B>: A> A;>20<8 "CE >689 =0 =5 @048 ><070==8G5AB20 >53> 1;03>25AB2C5BAO A<8@5==K<, A;54CNI8< 70 <=>9".<br><br> "@>5:@0B=> >B25@3;8AL <K >B >AC40@O->3>=>AF0. ?5@2K5  :>340 ?>25@8;8 <=8<><C &0@A:><C >B@5G5=8N. @C3>9 @07  :>340 4>?CAB8;8 70B>G5=85 8 3815;L >AC40@O. 54L 4065 :>340 A?5F80;L=> A>740==0O :><8AA8O @5<5==>3> @028B5;LAB20 =5 >1=0@C68;0 70 !5<L59 8 >AC40@5< =8:0:8E ?@5ABC?;5=89 (8< ;8 1K;> AC48BL 3>!), ?;5=5=85 ?@>4>;68;>AL 8 68BL !5<L5 AB0;> 5I5 BO65;55. A?><=8< 8;0B0, =5 =0H54H53> 2 !;>20E >A?>40 "=8G53> 4>AB>9=>3> A<5@B8", 8 B>;?C 8C4552, CA8;82HCN ?>A;5 B>3> A2>9 3>;>A A B@51>20=85< @0A?OB8O (:.23). <br><br> CAA:85 ;N48 >B25@3;8AL >B &0@O 8 2 B@5B89 @07  :>340 ?@><>;G0;8 2 >B25B =0 8725AB85 > 3> A<5@B8,  4065 ?0=8E84K ?> 5<C 8 !5<L5, >BA;C65==K5 2 >1@>2>;LG5A:>9 @<88 ?> ?@8:07C ..5=8:8=0, 2K720;8, 5A;8 25@8BL A;>20< 35=5@0;0, "65AB>:>5 >AC645=85 2 45<>:@0B8G5A:8E :@C30E 8 ?5G0B8".  254L 1>;LH528:8 1>O;8AL =0@>4=>3> 2>AAB0=8O 2 >B25B =0 3>B>282H55AO 8<8 C189AB2> &0@O. =8 ?@5645 70?CAB8;8 2 3075BK =5A:>;L:> ;>6=KE A>>1I5=89 > @0AAB@5;5 8:>;0O B>@>3> 2 >6840=88 B>3>, "GB> A:065B =0 MB> @CAA:89 =0@>4". CAA:89 =0@>4 =5 A:070; =8G53>.  459AB28B5;L=0O 3815;L >AC40@O 8 3> !5<L8 =5 ?>2;5:;0 70 A>1>9 4065 3;CE>3> @>?>B0 B>;?K. 525@CNI0O 0@8=0 &25B0520, :>B>@CN B@C4=> 70?>4>7@8BL 2 A8<?0B8OE : <>=0@E88, A 87C<;5=85< ?8A0;0, :0: ;N48, A;KH0 =0 C;8F0E :@8:8 3075BG8:>2 > @0AAB@5;5 &0@O, @02=>4CH=> >B2>@0G820;8 3;070, A?5H8;8 ?> A2>8< 45;0<& <br><br> " CAL A?0A0BL 3> =5 2AB0;0", =5 2AB0;8 @CAA:85 ;N48 A?0A0BL A2>53> &0@O, 0 4>;6=K 1K;8, >1O70=K 1K;8 ?> 4>;3C ?@8=5A5==>9 2 1613 3>4C !>1>@=>9 :;OB2K =0 25G=CN 25@=>ABL @>4C ><0=>2KE, ?> 4>;3C E@8AB80=A:>9 A>25AB8 A 55 ?@8@>4=K< <>=0@E87<><, ?> 4>;3C =0F8>=0;L=>3> AB>O=8O @CAA:8E 70 @CAA:>3> <?5@0B>@0 ?5@54 A:>?8I5< 70E20B82H8E 2;0ABL 8=>?;5<5==8:>2 8 8=>25@F52. <br><br> "0: AB>8B ;8 C482;OBLAO 8 A5B>20BL ?@8 =0E>645=88 =0 >AA8N 8 55 =0@>4 =5A:>=G05<>9 G5@54K =0F8>=0;L=KE 154AB289 8 1571>6=KE ?@028B5;59  :@>2L 3> =0 =0A 8 =0 45BOE =0H8E. 0<, @CAA:8<, >BO3>I5==K< ?> A59 45=L =0A;54=K< 3@5E>< =0H8E ?@54:>2  3@5E>< >B@5G5=8O >B A2>53> ?@8@>4=>3> &0@O  =5 1C45B ?@>I5=8O 4> A>1>@=>3> 2 B>< 3@5E5 ?>:0O=8O  4> B>3> G0A0, :>340 @CAA:89 =0@>4, ?5@5AB02H89 2 <0@B5 1917 3>40 <>;8BLAO 70 &0@O, 2>7<>;8BAO !2>5<C &0@N, CB25@482H8AL 2 A2OB>AB8 3> E@8AB80=A:>3> ?>42830: "!2OBK9 &0@N 8:>;05, 8A:C?8B5;N 3@5E>2 =0H8E, 25;8:><CG5=8G5, <>;8 >30 > =0A!"<br><br></div> <i>http://maxpark.com/community/12/content/1369972</i><br> <br><br> <!--Thn pttyy TEKSTIN PAIKKA--> </font> </TD></tr> </TABLE> </BODY> </HTML>