<HTML> <HEAD> <META NAME="generator" CONTENT="toniarts easyhtml v.2.4"> <TITLE>!/) "   . "  ",!"   ",!"#: 1917  2017</TITLE> <meta name="keywords" content="&0@L, 8:>;09 II, tsaarinikolai, Nikolai II, ?0<OB8, !2OBKE, &0@AB25==KE, CG5=8:>2, AB@0AB>B5@?F52, 3> !5<LO, D@59;8=0, >AC40@K=O, ==0, ==K; "0=5520, K@C1>20, $8=;O=48O, Anna, Virubova, Vyrubova"> </HEAD> <BODY BACKGROUND="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/graniitti1.jpg"> <TABLE BORDER="1" width="1200" ALIGN="center" VALIGN="bottom" cellpadding="15" font face="Calibri"> <TR> <TD ALIGN="center" width="40%"> <!--Cell at 1 row, 1 column--><font COLOR="#000080" face="Calibri"><b><big>)!" /" !/"+% & !"+% #'  + "  $/ RY.</big></b><br> <IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/tsaariperhe1.JPG" ALIGN="center" BORDER="0" WIDTH="400" HEIGHT="270" vspace="8"> </font> </TD> <TD ALIGN="center" width="20%" valign="top"><!--Cell at 1 row, 2 column--><font COLOR="#000080" face ="Calibri"> <a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/yhteystiedot.htm" target="_blank"><img src="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/rintamerkki1.png" width="150" height="225" border="0" alt="TSAARI NIKOLAI II ja ALEKSANDRA" title="Yhteystiedot"></a><br><b>& ,  -" ! !!, #!! '!</b></font><br> </TD> <TD align="center" width="37%"> <!--Cell at 1 row, 3 column--><font COLOR="#000080" face="Calibri"><big><b>PYHT KEISARILLISET MARTTYYRIT JA ANNA TANEEVA SUOMESSA MUISTOYHDISTYS RY.</b></big><br> <IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/Louisejamarski4.JPG" BORDER="0" WIDTH="430" HEIGHT="260" vspace="3" ><br><br> </TD> </TR> <TR> <TD ALIGN="center" VALIGN="top"><!--Cell at 2 row, 1 column--> <IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/perilliset1.JPG" ALIGN="center" BORDER="0" WIDTH="330" HEIGHT="211" vspace="8"><br><font face="Calibri" COLOR="#000080"><b>5B 1>;LH5 B>9 ;N128, :0: 5A;8 :B> ?>;>68B<br> 4CHC A2>N 70 4@C759 A2>8E.<br> (= 15:13)</b></font> <br><br><br><br> <font face="Calibri" COLOR="#000080"><b><i>(  #,/ - MEIDN YSTVT:</i><br></b></font><br> <A HREF="http://www.dagmaria.dk" target="_blank"><IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/dagmar.png" ALIGN="bottom" BORDER="0" WIDTH="50" HEIGHT="55"></A> <A HREF="http://samoderzhavnaya.ru/" target="_blank"><IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/dimankoti.png" ALIGN="bottom" BORDER="0" WIDTH="55" HEIGHT="55"></A> <A HREF="http://zargradet.ru/" target="_blank"><IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/banner4.gif" ALIGN="bottom" BORDER="0" WIDTH="80" HEIGHT="40"></A> <a href="http://www.hristianstvo.ru/?from=19153" target="_blank"><img src="http://www.hristianstvo.ru/images/ru-88x31-native1.gif" width="88" height="31" border="0"></a><br> <a href="http://dsnmp.ru/ " target="_blank"><img src="http://dsnmp.ru/wp-content/uploads/DSNMP.jpg" width="220" height="30" vspace="5"></a> <a href="http://vstanzaveru.ru/category/tserkovnaya-analitika/" target="_blank"><img src="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/Tarra.jpg" width="200" height="40" vspace="4"></a><br> </TD> <TD ALIGN="center" valign="top"><!--Cell at 2 row,2 column--><font face="Calibri" COLOR="#000080"> <br><b>,+ +<br>! + "</b><br> <a href="http://brbl-dl.library.yale.edu/vufind/Record/3787122" target="_blank"><br><img src="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/Tsaaritar_ja_Anna.jpg" width="160" height="175" border="0" alt=",+ + ! + "" title=",+ + ! + ""></a><br><br><br> <a name="huomio"></a> <a href="http://www.tsaarinikolai.com/demotxt/Projektiad.html#huomio" target="_blank"><b>" !!"", !/"+ & ! !"!</b></a><br><br> <a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/yhteystiedotru1.htm" target="_blank"><b>""+</b></a></font><br><br> </TD> <TD ALIGN="left" valign="top"><!--Cell at 2 row, 3 column--> <center><IMG SRC="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kuvat/Kooste_Annasta.jpg" ALIGN="top" valign="center" BORDER="0" WIDTH="300" HEIGHT="400"vspace="8"></center> <font color="#000080" face="Calibri"><div align="justify"><b>0H @>4 A;C68; B@5< &0@O<, :064K9 45=L 2 =0H5< 4><5 &0@L C?><8=0;AO ?>GB8 :0: >3C @02=K9. 0H >B5F ?>4G5@:820; 206=>ABL 4;O G5;>25:0 GC2AB20 4>;30 8 ?@87K20; =0A 2> 2A5E A;CG0OE 687=8 A;54>20BL 3>;>AC A2>59 A>25AB8</b></div></font> </TD> </TR> <!--KOTISIVUN LOPPU. TST ALKAA SISLTLUETTELO--> <TABLE width="800" BORDER="1" ALIGN="center" VALIGN="center" CELLPADDING="14"> <TR> <TD ALIGN="left" width="125" VALIGN="top"> <font face="Arial" size="2" COLOR="#000080"> <b><ul> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/uusietusivu102.html">HOME PAGE<br><li>KOTISIVU</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/yhteystiedot.htm">""+<br><li>YHTEYSTIEDOT</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/menut/Atsaariperhe.htm">& !/ !,/<br> <li>TSAARIPERHE</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/Anna8.html"> !  "<br> <li>ANNA ALEKSANDROVNA TANEEVA</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/toimintaa6.html">/",!",<br> <li>TOIMINTAA</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/menut/Bsuomi.htm">$//<br> <li>SUOMI</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/menut/Cartikkelit.htm">!"",<br> <li>ARTIKKELIT</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/runoja_ja_lausuntaa.htm" target="_blank">!"%, B+!+/<br><li>RUNOJA, LAUSUNTAA</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/kirjat4.htm" target="_blank"><li>KIRJOJA</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/filmit7.html" target="_blank">$,+<li>FILMEJ</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://impersem.kuvat.fi/kuvat/"> $" . <li>KUVAGALLERIAAN</a></li><br><br> <li><a href="http://tsaarinikolai.com/ilmoitukset2.htm">*// <li>ILMOITUKSIA</a></b></li> </ul> <br><br> </TD> </font> <!--THN PTTYY SISLTLUETTELO--> <td ALIGN="left" width="800" valign="top" bgcolor="#fff6E9"> <font face="Arial"> <!--TEKSTITIEDOSTO ALKAA--> <br><center><b> !/) "   . "  ",!"   ",!"#: 1917  2017</b><br> <br> <img src="kuvat/Pappi_Dmitr.jpg" width="300"></center> <br> 52840==K9 F8=87< 459AB289 A>2@5<5==KE F5@:>2=KE 85@0@E>2, A :>B>@K< ?@8H;>AL AB>;:=CBLAO CAA:>9 &5@:28 2 A5< 45AOB8;5B88, >7=0<5=>20; A>1>9 =>2K9 28B>: 8AB>@8G5A:>9 A?8@0;8  A B>3> @>:>2>3> 1917, :>340 2 >4=>G0AL5 @CE=C;0 A0<0O 5;8:0O <?5@8O, :>B>@CN =0@>4 A>18@0; AB>;5B8O<8, ?> :@C?8F0<, >18;L=> =0?>OO A>1AB25==>9 :@>2LN. 0;0 65@B2>9 <564C=0@>4=>3> 703>2>@0 ?@>B82 !0<>45@6028O  703>2>@0 52@59A:>9 <5AB8 8 <0A>=A:>9 =5=028AB8. <br> <br> >AA89A:>9 <?5@88 1K;> AC645=> 70E;51=CBLAO :@>2LN 45AOB:>2 <8;;8>=>2 A2>8E ;CGH8E AK=>2 8 4>G5@59 8 ?>381=CBL. > ?@5645, 4/17 8N;O 1918 3>40, 1K;0 ?@8=5A5=0 A0:@0;L=0O B0;<C48G5A:0O 65@B20: ?0BL52A:89 4>< 2 :0B5@8=1C@35 1K; ?@52@0I5= 2 7;>25I89 65@B25==8:, =0 :>B>@>< 1K;8 87C25@A:8 65AB>:> C=8GB>65=K ><070==8: >689 &0@L 8 3> !5<LO. 48=>:> 2>AE>4O =0 A2>9 @5AB, ?>4>1=> !0<><C %@8ABC, =8 1K;8 >AB02;5=K 2A5<8, ?@540=K 8 >1>;30=K... <br> <br>  5I5 @0=LH5  2 D52@0;5 1917 3>40, 2> <=>3>< >?5@560O 4065 A0<8E 703>2>@I8:>2-@52>;NF8>=5@>2, >AA89A:0O @02>A;02=0O &5@:>2L 2 ;8F5 !2OI5==>3> !8=>40 8 2A5E 55 ?5@25=AB2CNI8E 85@0@E>2 A>25@H8;0 AC3C1K9 3@5E :;OB2>?@5ABC?;5=8O 8 ?>?@0=8O 25@=>?>440==8G5A:>9 ?@8AO38, :>B>@K9 4> A8E ?>@ =5 @0A:0O= 8 =5 A=OB... @825BAB2CO 8 1;03>A;>2;OO A25@65=85 !0<>45@6028O, !8=>4, ?> ACB8, 1;03>A;>28; 8 4CE>2=> 2>73;028; 2AN :@>202CN F5?L @52>;NF89 8 A<CB  GC4>28I=>9 :@>202>9 10=8  :0110;8AB8G5A:89 M:A?5@8<5=B ?> B>B0;L=><C 35=>F84C F5;KE =0F89, A>A;>289 8 >1I5AB25==>-A>F80;L=KE 3@C??, ?> C=8GB>65=8N 8 8A:>@5=5=8N A0<>3> 8<5=>20=8O @02>A;02=>9 5@K 8 ?><8=0=8O <5=8 >68O =0 CAA:>9 75<;5... <br> <br> 5@AB>< >688<, G5@57 25:0 C:07CNI8< =0 ?>ABK4=>5, @>:>2>5 4;O AC4L1K >AA88, ?@5ABC?;5=85 ?5@2>85@0@E>2 & 2 D52@0;5-<0@B5 1917 3>40, O2;O5BAO E0@0:B5@=>5 A8<2>;8G5A:>5 A>2?045=85 40BK 2KE>40 ?@545;5=8O !8=>40 N1226 1 87<5=5=8OE 2 F5@:>2=>< 1>3>A;C65=88 2 A2O78 A ?@5:@0I5=85< ?><8=>25=8O F0@AB2>202H53> 4><0, 8A:;NG02H55 87 >3>A;C65=89 2AO:>5 C?><8=0=85 > >AC40@5, 8 ?>7>@=K9 0@5AB 1C4CI8E &0@AB25==KE CG5=8:>2 8 8E 5B59  8 <0@B0 1917 3>40  B@038G5A:>9 40BK =0G0;0 2>AE>645=8O 5=F5=>A=>9 !5<L8 =0 A2>N >;3>DC. !85 =5A;KE0==>5 2 8AB>@88 G5;>25G5AB20 2>?8NI55 15770:>=85 1K;> A?>:>9=>, :0: 4>;6=>5, 2>A?@8=OB> 2> 2A59 F5@:>2=>9 A@545  8 8<5==> 2 MB>B 45=L D0B0;L=> =04;><8;>AL @5;838>7=>-F5@:>2=>5 A>7=0=85 CAA:>3> =0@>40, 2 ;8F5 @>4=>9 &5@:28 >B25@3=C2H55 A2>53> BF0 8 >AC40@O. <br> <br> ! A53> @>:>2>3> 4=O  8 <0@B0 1917 3>40  15@CB =0G0;> 2A5 F5@:>2=K5 ?@5>1@07>20=8O 2 >AA88: >B >1=>2;5=G5AB20 8 A5@380=AB20 4> M:C<5=8G5A:8E @5D>@< 0;0<0=40 8 (0<1578, 2?;>BL 4> 2AB@5G8 BKAOG5;5B8O  3020=A:>3> ?@540B5;LAB20, 3>4>2I8=C :>B>@>3>, A;>2=> ?8@ 2> 2@5<O GC<K, AB>;L @04>AB=> >B<5G05B =K=5 2AO 2KAH0O @>AA89A:0O F5@:>2=0O >1I5AB25==>ABL... <br> <br> 8GCBL =5 C482;O5B, GB> ><0A>=5==K9 !8=>4 >AA89A:>9 @02>A;02=>9 &5@:28, : ?@8<5@C, <8B@>?>;8B =B>=89 %@0?>28F:89 =0 >4=>< 87 !>1>@>2 4>:07K20; ?>;=CN 4>?CAB8<>ABL 4;O E@8AB80=8=0 8 4;O 85@0@E0 A>AB>OBL G;5=>< <0A>=A:>9 >@30=870F88 4> 18-9 AB5?5=8 <0A>=AB20 (87 B:@KB>3> ?8AL<0 0@E85?8A:>?0 $5>D0=0 KAB@>20) , =5 4>6840OAL ?C1;8:0F88 D0;LH82:8 703>2>@I8:>2  :B0 >1 >B@5G5=8O >AC40@O  A@07C 2>H5; 2 B5A=>5 A>B@C4=8G5AB2> A @5<5==K< ?@028B5;LAB2><, 2>2AN ?>4@C68;AO A =8<:  A45;0;8AL 2 B>B 45=L 8;0B 8 @>4 4@C7LO<8 <564C A>1>N, 81> ?@5645 1K;8 2> 2@0645 4@C3 A 4@C3>< (:.23,12)  254L C 2A5E <0A>=>2, 2 B>< G8A;5 8 C 85@0@E>2-A8=>40;>2, 3;02=K<8 2@030<8 1K;> !0<>45@60285 8 >689 ><070==8: &0@L. <br> <br> ?@024K20O A2>5 E@8AB>?@>402G5AB2> 1>@L1>9 70 A2>1>4C &5@:28 >B F570@5?0?87<0 (8A?>;L7>20==K9 A8=>40;0<8 42>9AB25==K9 B5@<8=), @CAA:85 ?5@2>85@0@E8 2AOG5A:8 ?@54CA<>B@8B5;L=> 4CE>2=> A>459AB2>20;8 A25@65=8N >AC40@O <?5@0B>@0  548=AB25==>3>, :B> ?> F5@:>2=><C 8 3>AC40@AB25==><C 70:>=>40B5;LAB2C 8<5; ?>;=>5 ?@02> =0:070BL 0@E85@552-:;OB2>?@5ABC?=8:>2. 1> ><070==8: >689  5?8A:>? 2=5H=8E 45; &5@:28 (?> A;>2C A2. >=AB0=B8=0 5;8:>3>)  ;8HL >= E@0=8B5;L 4>3<0B>2 25@K, 1;NAB8B5;L ?@02>25@8O 8 F5@:>2=>3> 1;03>G8=8O. <br> <br> 4O =0 ?>2>4C O2=>3> 7;0 8 1;03>A;>2;OO 53>, !8=>4 2A5<8 A?>A>10<8 4>1820;AO :>=F5=B@0F88 8 A0:@0;L=>9 8 ?>;8B8G5A:>9 2;0AB8 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 2 A>1AB25==KE @C:0E. !25@65=85 !0<>45@6F0 ?>72>;O;> 85@0@E0<-:;OB2>?@5ABC?=8:0< >1<0==K< ?CB5< 871560BL AC@>2KE F5@:>2=>-:0=>=8G5A:8E =0:070=89: 254L 70 A85 BO3BO9H55 ?@5ABC?;5=85 A2OI5==>A;C68B5;59 ?>;>65=> 8725@30BL 87 A0=0 (25-5 0?>AB>;LA:>5 ?@028;>), 0 <8@O=  >B;CG0BL >B @8G0AB8O =0 10 ;5B (65-5 ?@028;> A2. 0A8;8O 5;8:>3>). <br> <br> 5770:>==K9 !8=>4, 70@065==K9 157C<=K< 2;0AB>;N185<, AB@>3> A;54CO <0A>=A:8< ?@54?8A0=8O<, ?@5ABC?=> C7C@?8@>20; 2;0ABL ><070==8:0 >68O, B5< A0<K< ?>4=O2 @C:C =0 A545@68B5;O, >B>@K9 !0< AB028B @02>A;02=KE >AC40@59 =0 &0@AB2>. <br> <br>  !0< 65 >A?>4L 70:@K; CAB0 2A5E 0@E85@552 >AA89A:>9 &5@:28, A45;02 8E 157>B25B=K<8  1573;0A=K<8 ?5@54 3> KAH8< !C4><: 2A53> 70 4 (!) 4=O 4> =0G0;0 @52>;NF8>==>3> 157?@545;0, 2 545;N ">@65AB20 @02>A;028O (19 D52@0;O 1917 3>40), 2> 2A5E :0D54@0;L=KE !>1>@0E >AA88 0@E8?0ABK@8 25;53;0A=> 2>73;0A8;8 0=0D5<0BAB2>20=85: ><KH;ONI8<, O:> @02>A;02=88 >AC40@8 2>72>4OBAO =0 @5AB>;K =5 ?> >A>1;82><C > =8E >68N 1;03>2>;5=8N, 8 ?@8 ?><070=88 40@>20=8O !2OB03> CE0 : ?@>E>645=8N 25;8:03> A53> 720=8O 2 =8E =5 87;820NBAO: 8 B0:> 45@70NIK< 8E =0 1C=B 8 87<5=C  =0D5<0!.  "0: !8=>4, 0 70 =8< 8 D0:B8G5A:8 25AL 5?8A:>?0B &, A0< A51O ?>425; ?>4 AB@0H=CN =0D5<C, >B;CG82 A51O 8 >B >1I5=8O A >3><, 8 >B >1I5=8O A &5@:>2LN %@8AB>2>9... <br> <br> ><5AB=K9 !>1>@ 1917-1918 33. 4>25; ?@5ABC?;5=8O !2OI5==>3> !8=>40, A>25@H5==K5 2 D52@0;5-<0@B5 1917 3>40, 4> A2>59 ;>38G5A:>9 ?>;=>BK. CE>< ?04H53> 5==8FK  @52>;NF8>==K< 4CE>< $52@0;O, 2:>=5F =04;><82H8< @5;838>7=>-F5@:>2=>5 A>7=0=85 CAA:>3> =0@>40, ?@>=870=K =5 B>;L:> @5H5=8O A53> !>1>@0  8< 4KH0B 2A5 A>1>@=K5 8 F5@:>2=K5 ?>AB0=>2;5=8O CAA:>9 @02>A;02=>9 &5@:28, ?@02>?@85<=8FK >AA89A:>9 @02>A;02=>9 &5@:28, 2?;>BL 4> =0H8E 4=59. <br> <br> ><5AB=K9 !>1>@ 1917-1918 33., A>720==K9 2>?@5:8 2>;5 >AC40@O <?5@0B>@0, A<8@5==> ?@5:;>=8; 2KN ?5@54 48:B0B>< <0A>=A:8E 2;0AB59, :>B>@K5 ?>4 C3@>7>9 @0A?@02K 70?@5B8;8 <>=0@E8G5A:CN ?@>?030=4C. @E85@58-<>=0@E8ABK  0 B0:>2KE : B><C 2@5<5=8 =0H;>AL ;8HL 42>5: <8B@>?>;8B 0:0@89 52A:89 8 <8B@>?>;8B 8B8@8< :=>2  =0 !>1>@ 4>?CI5=K =5 1K;8... <br> <br> >GB8 2AO ?>;=>B0 CAA:>9 &5@:28 2 ;8F5 55 ><5AB=>3> !>1>@0, ?>;=>ABLN >4>1@82 $52@0;LA:>5 ?@540B5;LAB2> 8 @5018;8B8@>202 @52>;NF8>=5@>2, 2 >G5@54=>9 @07 ?@540;0 >AC40@O 8 3> !5<LN  C=865==K5 8 >1;5G5==K5 2 @87K ?>@C30=8O 8 <CG5=8G5AB20, 2 B><;5=88 :@><5H=>9 =52>;8 >=8 C65 >B<5@820;8 A2>8 ?>A;54=85 H038 =0 >;3>DC... <br> 59AB28O !>1>@0 2 >B=>H5=88 &0@AB25==KE CG5=8:>2 GC4>28I=K  8 MB>, 157 2AO:>3> A><=5=8O, >4=0 87 ?>7>@=59H8E AB@0=8F 8AB>@88 &5@:28: <br> !>1>@ <>;G0;, =8 A;>20 =5 >1@>=82 2 70I8BC 70:;NG5==>3> >AC40@O 8 5=F5=>A=>9 !5<L8... <br> !>1>@ <>;G0;, =8 A;>2>< =5 2K@0782 A2>53> >B=>H5=8O : 157?@5F545=B=><C ?> 65AB>:>AB8 8 F8=87<C 7;>459A:><C @8BC0;L=><C C189AB2C &0@AB25==KE CG5=8:>2... <br> !>1>@ >B25@3 !;>2> ?0B@80@E0 >1 C185=88 >AC40@O 8 =5 2:;NG8; 53> 2 A2>8 5O=8O... <br> !>1>@ >3@0=8G8;AO ;8HL @5H5=85< > A;C65=88 ?0=8E84K ?> C185==K< &0@AB25==K< !B@040;LF0<. > 4065 8 745AL 28 (!) 3>;>A>2 1K;> ?>40=> ?@>B82 B0:>2>9, ?@8 3-E 2>745@602H8EAO... <br> !>1>@ <=>3>:@0B=> 2 A2>8E 2KABC?;5=8OE 2>72>48; =5<KA;8<CN EC;C =0 C185==KE 5=F5=>A=KE !B@040;LF52, 1C4B> A=>20 8 A=>20 65;0O <  >AC40@N, >AC40@K=5 8 E 5BO< <CG8B5;L=>9 A<5@B8: 0A?=8, @0A?=8 3>! (>0== 19,6)... <br> !>1>@ 8A:;NG8; 87 G8=>?>A;54>20=8O 545;8 ">@65AB20 @02>A;028O 11-5 0=0D5<0BAB2>20=85 > 2>7AB0NI8E =0 2;0ABL @02>A;02=>3> >AC40@O (?@>87>H;> MB> =0 70A540=88 26 D52@0;O 1918 3>40  2 3>4>2I8=C @52>;NF88)... <br> <br> "0:8< >1@07><, A>1>@=K9 @07C<, 2<5AB> B>3>, GB>1K 2>72KA8BL A2>9 3>;>A 8 E>BO 1K ?>ABD0:BC< 40BL >1J5:B82=CN F5@:>2=CN >F5=:C 1>3><5@7:><C <OB56C 8 A> 2A59 ?>;=>B>9 F5@:>2=>9 2;0AB8 157>3>2>@>G=> >AC48BL 87<5==8:>2-@52>;NF8>=5@>2 8 A0B0=8AB>2-F0@5C189F, 2<5AB> B>3>, GB>1K A<5@B=K5 3@5E8 1C=B0, 87<5=K 8 :;OB2>?@5ABC?;5=8O =0720BL 3@5E0<8 8 ?@8720BL : ?>:0O=8N 70 =8E  ?@>AB> 8A:;NG8; 8E 87 A?8A:0 3@5E>2, >4=>2@5<5==> >B25@3=C2 >65AB25==>5 ?@>8AE>645=85 &0@A:>9 2;0AB8 8 CB25@482 >65AB25==CN 2>;N 271C=B>202H59AO G5@=8. <br> <br>  254L 4> A59 ?>@K >A:>2A:0O 0B@80@E8O 4KH8B B5< 65 B5<=K< <OB56=K< F0@5C189AB25==K< 4CE>< $52@0;O 1917.  MB> >B@065=> 2 :064>< F5@:>2=>< 4>:C<5=B5, ?@8=OB>< A B>3> @>:>2>3> 3>40. K428=CB 8 ;>6=K9 B578A, =0 :>B>@>< 78648;>AL >?@0240=85 70 B>B <5@7:89 3@5E 87<5=K 8 :;OB2>?@5ABC?;5=8O: 4CE>2=0O 687=L &5@:28 O:>1K =8:0: =5 A2O70=0 A D>@<>9 3>AC40@AB25==>3> AB@>O. "578A, ?@8254H89 : ?>;=><C A>3;0A8N !>1>@0 A 3=CA=K<8 :@>202K<8 7;>45O=8O<8 @8BC0;L=>3> F0@5C189AB20 8 <0AA>2>3> B5@@>@0 8 >?@0240=8N ?@5ABC?=8:>2: A0B0=8AB>2 52@59A:8E <8AB8G5A:8E A5:B, <0A>=>2 8 2A5E, ?@>402H8EAO 8<. <br> <br> ><5AB=K9 !>1>@ 1917-1918 33.  ?>;=>B0 >AA89A:>9 @02>A;02=>9 &5@:28  2> 2A59 4CE>2=>9 ?>;=>B5, B0: 8;8 8=0G5 ?>2B>@8; ?>ABC?>: E@8AB>C189FK  8;0B0: 7O; 2>4K 8 C<K; @C:8 ?5@54 =0@>4><, 8 A:070;: =528=>25= O 2 :@>28 @0254=8:0 !53> (D.27,24), ><070==8:0 >68O... <br> <br>  1917-18 33. !>1>@ >B25@3 >65AB25==>5 ?@>8AE>645=85 &0@A:>9 2;0AB8, A@02=O2 55 A 75<;59  A> 2;0ABLN A0B0=8AB>2-<0A>=>2 8 <OB56=>9 B>;?K. > 8 4> A53> 2@5<5=8 =5 B>;L:> A2OB0O @>2L 5=F5=>A=KE CG5=8:>2  2AO :@>2L ?@0254=0O, ?@>;8B0O =0 75<;5 (D.23,35) CAA:>9 2 C30@5 3@0640=A:>9 2>9=K 8 <0AA>2>3> B5@@>@0, GC4>28I=KE @5?@5AA89 8 35=>F840 F5;KE =0@>4>2  ;568B, 2 B>< G8A;5, 8 =0 =5@0A:0==>9 A>25AB8 >1;5G5==KE 2 A0= A>2@5<5==KE :=86=8:>2 8 D0@8A552-;8F5<5@>2 (A<.D.23): 2 :;NG52KE 2>?@>A0E, 2 G0AB=>AB8, > 3>AC40@AB25 8 2;0AB8 >A:>2A:0O 0B@80@E8O AB@>3> A;54C5B ?@540B5;LA:8< ?>AB0=>2;5=8O< $52@0;O 17-3>, =8 =0 9>BC =5 >BABC?0O >B =8E. <br> <br> 7 2A53> MB>3> A;54C5B, GB> :>@=8 =5 B>;L:> >1=>2;5=G5AB20 8 A5@380=AB20, => 8 2A53> ?>A;54CNI53> ?>ABC?0B5;L=>3> @5D>@<0B>@A:>3> >BE>40 & >B G8AB>BK @02>A;02=>3> 8A?>2540=8O  2?;>BL 4> 020=A:>9 C=88 A ?;0=8@C5<K< 40;55 A;8O=85< 2A5E E@8AB80=A:8E F5@:259 2 >4=C 8@>2CN 0=B8E@8AB>2C F5@:>2L  A;54C5B 8A:0BL 2 D52@0;LA:>< ?@540B5;LAB25 & 1917 3>40. <br> <br>  2>B C65 70:0=G8205BAO D52@0;L 2017 3>40. >2=> AB> ;5B =0704 A25@H8;>AL =5?>?@028<>5: A 1;03>A;>25=8O 8 ?@8 ?@O<>< CG0AB88 2KAH53> 4CE>25=AB20, ?@8 B>9 8;8 8=>9 ?>445@6:5 A> AB>@>=K =0@>40, 2 >AA88 1K; A25@3=CB 8 @8BC0;L=>-7;>459A:8 C=8GB>65= #45@6820NI89  ><070==8: >689 >AC40@L, 3> !5<LO 8 2A5, B0: 8;8 8=0G5 8<52H85 >B=>H5=85 : >3>40@>20==>9 &0@A:>9 2;0AB8. <br> <br> 0A>=A:>5 :;59<> A2>1>40, @025=AB2> 8 1@0BAB2> ;53;> ?>7>@>< =0 A5@4F0 G;5=>2 !8=>40 8 1>;LH8=AB20 0@E85@552 >AA89A:>9 &5@:28. >765;02 A2>1>4K 4;O &5@:28, >=8 ?>H;8 =0 GC4>28I=>5 ?@5ABC?;5=85: K >AC48;8, C18;8 @0254=8:0; = =5 ?@>B828;AO 20< (0:.5,6)... AC482H85 8 :07=82H85 %@8AB0 1>O;8AL, GB> 8ACA 87 070@5B0 ?>;>68B :>=5F 8E ;8F5<5@8N 8 7015@5B C =8E 4CE>2=CN 2;0ABL. #=8GB>682H85 >=0@E8N 8 @C:0<8 <0A>=>2-A0B0=8AB>2 C182H85 ><070==8:0 ?5@2>A2OI5==8:8 & 1>O;8AL C?CAB8BL A2>9 H0=A 4;O ## & &0@A:>9 2;0AB8, 4;O A>A@54>B>G5=8O 2 A2>8E @C:0E ! A0:@0;L=>9 2;0AB8 2 3>AC40@AB25  8 &0@AB20, 8 !2OI5=AB20.<br> 0E20B ?>;=>BK !"  2>B A>:@>25==K9 <>B82 2A5E ?>ABC?0B5;L=KE 8 AB@0H=KE ?@540B5;LAB2 8 ?@5ABC?;5=89 ?5@2>85@0@E>2 >AA89A:>9 &5@:28 2?;>BL 4> =0AB>OI53> 4=O  ?@5ABC?;5=89, 2 :>B>@K5 >=8 2BO=C;8 8 :>B>@K<8 70<070;8 25AL @CAA:89 >689 =0@>4. <br> <br> <5==> F5;O< !" C7:>3> :@C30 :=O759 F5@:28 A;C68B B0: =07K205<>5 F5@:>2=0O A2>1>40 8 F5@:>2=>5 ?@>F25B0=85  MB> 8 @>AB :0?8B0;>2 F5@:>2=KE 10=:>2, <0AA>2>5 E@0<>AB@>8B5;LAB2>, 22545=85 A?5F80;L=>AB8 B5>;>38O 2 A25BA:85 #K, ?>?5G5=85 > <>;>4568, ?@>B5AB0=BA:85 @5D>@<K 1>3>A;>2A:>9 =0C:8, 8, =0:>=5F, A;8O=85 A =5>:0B>;8F87<>< 8 4@C38<8 E@8AB80=A:8<8 :>=D5AA8O<8. <br> <br> &5@:>2L =8:>340 =5 =C640;0AL =8 2 A2>1>45, =8 2 ?@>F25B0=88  =0 2A5340 A2>1>4=0 8 2A5340 ?@>F25B05B B>;L:> ?>B><C, GB> 55 3;020  %@8AB>A >A?>4L, 0 >=0  3> <8AB8G5A:>5 "5;>:  A2>1>45 ?@8720=K 2K, 1@0B8O (0;.5,13); 45 CE >A?>45=L  B0< A2>1>40 (2>@.3,17). <br> <br> @5402 ><070==8:0 >AC40@O =0 ;NBCN A<5@BL 8 70E20B82 3> 2;0ABL, A;><02 >3>40@>20==CN !8<D>=8N &5@:28 8 &0@A:>9 2;0AB8, !8=>4 >1@5: >689 =0@>4 =0 =52840==K5 AB@0H=K5 <C:8 8 D878G5A:>5 8AB@51;5=85, 8 B>;L:> ?@O<>5 >685 2<5H0B5;LAB2> =5 4>?CAB8;> ?>;=>3> C4CH5=8O @02>A;02=>9 5@K. <br> <br> 0 &0@AB25==>9 @>28 =>2K<8 080D0<8 1K;0 2KAB@>5=0 =>20O ;65A8<D>=8O &5@:28 8 3>AC40@AB20, :>B>@0O A2>48BAO : A;54CNI5<C: :@><5 A0:@0;L=>3> !0<>45@6028O, ;N10O 3>AC40@AB25==0O 2;0ABL E>@>H0  81> A =59 2A5340 <>6=> 4>3>2>@8BLAO 8 C@20BL 4;O A51O >B 3>AC40@AB20 B>B 8;8 8=>9 :CA>: 2>645;5==>9 F5@:>2=>9 A2>1>4K 8 F5@:>2=>3> ?@>F25B0=8O 4;O A>1AB25==>9 65 :080D>2>9 2;0AB8, 1>30BAB20 8 1;03>?>;CG8O... <br> <br> 020=A:0O <5@7>ABL  2AB@5G0 BKAOG5;5B8O, 3>4>2I8=C :>B>@>9 <K 2A?><8=05< A59G0A  4>AB>9=K9 ?;>4 B0:>9 A8<D>=88... 5@CN, GB> >A?>4L 2>AAB0=5B !0< O:> A8;5= 8 HC<5= >B 28=0 (A.77,65) 8 2>740AB :064><C ?> 45;0< 53> (D.16,27). ">340 A25@H8BAO AB@0H=K9 3> !C4 =04 =K=5H=8<8 ?8;0B0<8, :080D0<8, D@0=F8A:0<8, :8@8;;0<8, 8;0@8>=0<8, 8 !C4 MB>B 1C45B =5;8F5?@8OB5=!<br> <br><br> <!--Thn pttyy TEKSTIN PAIKKA--> </font> </TD></tr> </TABLE> </BODY> </HTML>