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")</b><br><br> <img src="kuvat/Starets_Ioann_Valaams.jpg"><br> <br> <img src="kuvat/Starets_Ioann/image01.jpg"><br> <small>Arkistokuva</small></center> <br> <b> 14.09.1943.</b><br> <br> >3>;N18259H0O <. 0@8O!<br> <br> %@8AB>A ?>A@548 =0A!<br> <br> 8AL<> 8 D>B>3@0D8N O ?>;CG8; A2>52@5<5==>. 0 0HC ?@>AL1C ?@85E0BL : 0<  5420 ;8 A>15@CAL, B5?5@L C =0A >G5=L <=>3> @01>B E>7O9AB25==KE. / B>65 E>6C =0 @01>BK, :>340 =5 A;C6C. >;L7K <0;>, 5A;8 B>;L:> 1C45< G8B0BL 40 A?@0H820BL, :0: A?0AB8AL. 04> =0G0BL B@C48BLAO, @01>B0BL, >G8I0BL A2>5 A5@4F5 >B AB@0AB59. K B5?5@L 7=05B5, 2 G5< 70:;NG05BAO 4CE>2=0O 687=L, 4>1@K9 G0A, =0G8=09B5, C<C4@8 0A >A?>48, 8 <5=O =5 701K209B5 2 A2>8E A2OBKE <>;8B20E. # A2OB>3> >BF0 A00:0, 40, O7K: B@C45=, => 5I5 B@C4=55 4;O =0A 53> A>45@60=85, 81> 3;C1>: :>;>45F, 0 C =0A :>@>B:0 25@52>G:0, 8 <K =5 <>65< 4>AB0BL 53> 3;C1>:>9, GC4=>9 A?0A8B5;L=>9 2>4K. ?8A:>? $5>D0= 4065 A>AB028; <>;8B2C A2OB><C A00:C, GB>1K >= ?><>3 =0< ?>=8<0BL 53> A?0A8B5;L=>5 CG5=85. >>1I5 A2OBK5 >BFK A> A2>53> >?KB0, >B GC2AB2 ?8A0;8, 8 ?>=8<05BAO 8E CG5=85 B5<8 ;N4L<8, :>B>@K5 @01>B0NB =04 A2>8< A5@4F5<. A?@0H820O =0 0A >685 1;03>A;>25=85, A ;N1>2LN 2> %@8AB5.<br> <br> !E883C<5= >0==. <br> <br> <center><b>+ + +</b><br> <br> <img src="kuvat/Starets_Ioann/image02.jpg" width="550"><br> <small>Arkistokuva</small></center> <br> <b> [1948]</b><br> <br> %@8AB>A ?>A@548 =0A!<br> <br> >3>;N18259H0O <. 0@8O!<br> <br> !5@45G=>, >B 4CH8 1;03>40@N 70 ?>74@02;5=85 A =0AB>OB5;LA:8< :@5AB><.  40==>5 2@5<O =0AB>OB5;LAB2> 8<5==> :@5AB, 40 BO65;K9. / A0< =5 AB@5<8;AO 8 =5 65;0; =0AB>OB5;LAB20, 25@N, GB> >3 40; <=5 MB>B :@5AB 8 ?> !2>5<C <8;>A5@48N ?><>65B <=5 1;03>?>;CG=> =5AB8 53>.  0A ?@>HC ?><>30BL <=5 0H8<8 A2OBK<8 <>;8B20<8. 5;0N 0< 2AO:>3> 1;03>?>;CG8O 8 =5 A<CI0BLAO >1C@5205<KE AB@0E>2. 0A?>;>68AL =0 2>;N >68N. 04> 25@8BL, GB> ?B8F0 =5 ?>?045B 2 :;5B:C 157 >6859 2>;8, 0 B5< 1>;55 ?@><KA;8B > G5;>25:5, AB@5<OI5<AO C3>640BL <C. ;C1>:> ?8H5B ?@5?>4>1=K9 !8<5>= >2K9 >3>A;>2.   A?0A5=88 0B@80@E0 !5@38O B>65 2KA>:0O :=830  A25B>G =0C:8 4CE>2=>9. #<C4@O9AO, A>18@09 4CE>2=K5 F25BK, ?>4>1=> ?G5;:5. #<C4@8 >A?>48. @87K20N =0 0A >685 1;03>A;>25=85. ! ;N1>2LN 2> %@8AB5, 0H =54>AB>9=K9 A><>;8B25==8:.<br> <br> =>3>3@5H=K9 AE883C<5= >0==. <br> <br> <center><b>+ + +</center><br> 19.02.1948.</b><br> >3>;N18259H0O <. 0@8O!<br> <br> %@8AB>A ?>A@548 =0A!<br> <br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K 2A5 ?C305B5AL 8 645B5 :0:8E-B> =5?@8OB=>AB59. -B>B 20H AB@0E B5;5A=K9 5ABL :@5AB 0H, 8 ?><>38 0< >A?>48 =5AB8 53> 1;03>4CH=>. %>@>H>, GB> C:;>=8;0AL >B >AC645=8O, 2A5 >=0, 154=0O, 3>@N5B, ?><>38 59 >A?>48. >340 >=0 ?@845B, =5 >18609 55 8 =5 ?@>B82>@5GL 59, ?>B5@?8, AB0@09AO 2A5 701KBL, 8 4@C38< ?5@54020BL 55 @073>2>@K =5 =04>. A5 MB> E>@>H>: 2KG8BK20=85 0:0D8AB>2 8 H5AB8A>B 8ACA>2KE <>;8B2, B>;L:> GB>1K 1K;> =5 =0 25B5@, 0 2=8<0B5;L=>. %>@>H>, GB> A>7=05HL A2>5 2=CB@5==55 3@5E>2=>5 C2;5G5=85 [=5@0A?>;>65==>ABL] : . 8 55 @>4=K<. ! >6859 ?><>ILN AB0@09B5AL 8A:>@5=8BL, ?><>38 >A?>48. # 0A C65 ?>AB =0G0;AO, ?>74@02;ON A> !25B;>N '5BK@545-AOB=8F5N, ?><>38 >A?>48 ?@>25AB8 >=CN 2 E@8AB80=A:>< 1;03>G5AB88.@87K20N =0 0A >685 1;03>A;>25=85, A ;N1>2LN 2> %@8AB5 0H =54>AB>9=K9 A><>;8B25==8: AE883C<5= >0==. 0H8 420 ?8AL<0 8 45=L38 O ?>;CG8; A2>52@5<5==>. 8AL<0 4>E>4OB 8A?@02=>, =8:B> =5 ?@>G8BK205B. [...] # 0A 2A5 AB@0E8 8 1>;57=8 ?@>4>;60NBAO, GB> 45;0BL, ?@8E>48BAO B5@?5BL 8 <>;8BLAO. # 0A 5I5 5ABL 701>BK 8 ?>?5G5=85 > 4@C38E  MB> ;8H=55, 8<59B5 701>BC B>;L:> > A515 8 4>2;55B A 0A. !B0@09AO @0A?>;>68BLAO =0 2>;N >68N, C<C4@8 0A >A?>48. @>AB8 70 :@0B:>ABL ?8AL<0. 0:>?8;>AL <=>3> ?8A5<, =04> >B25G0BL, 0 ?8A0:0-B> 254L O 0E>2K9, 2>B 8 70B8@05B <>5 C1>65AB2>.<br> <br> @87K20N =0 0A >685 1;03>A;>25=85, A ;N1>2LN 2> %@8AB5 =54>AB>9=K9 0H A><>;8B25==8: AE883C<5= >0==. <br> <center><b>+ + +</b><br> <br> <img src="kuvat/Starets_Ioann/image03.jpg" width="550"><br> <small>Arkistokuva</small></center> <br> <b> 19.02.1950.</b><br> <br> >3>;N18259H0O <. 0@8O!<br> <br> %@8AB>A ?>A@548 =0A!<br> <br> @>HC ?@>AB8BL <5=O, 3@5H=>3>, 70 <>5 <>;G0=85, E>BL 8 =5 ?8HC 0<, => 2 A2>8E <>;8B20E 2A5340 0A A 5@>9 ?><8=0N. ><>38 0<, >A?>48, 687=L A2>N ?@>2>48BL 2 <8@5 8 A>3;0A88, ?> A2OB><C 0?>AB>;C: 4@C3 4@C30 BO3>BK =>A8B5, 8 B0:> 8A?>;=8B5 70:>= %@8AB>2 [0;. 6, 2]. <5AB5 68BL 8 GB>1K 1K; <8@ 4CH52=K9, B@51C5BAO B5@?5=85 8 A<8@5=85, 0 :0: C =0A =5B MB8E 4>1@>45B5;59, 8 4C<05BAO =0<: 2AQ 4@C385 28=>20BK, 0 =5 <K. 4=0:> =04> AB0@0BLAO, GB>1K E>BL 4>;3> =5 A5@48BLAO, 8=0G5 <>;8B20 2 B>;: =5 ?>945B. #:070=> 0<8 =0 B@8AB0 A5<845AOB>9 AB@0=8F5 ?OB>3> B><0 >1@>B>;N18O52, :065BAO, OA=> A:070=>, B>;L:> =04> 2=8<0B5;L=> ?@>G5ABL, 4@C38<8 A;>20<8 <>6=> A:070BL: C< 70:;NG05B 2 A;>20 <>;8B2K 8 5A;8 8=>9 @07 GB>-=81C4L ?>E8B8B C<, =5 =04> 70<54;OBL, => ?>AB0@0BLAO >B3>=OBL ?@>GL.  GB>1K 2=8<0=8O =5 45@60BL 2 3>;>25, 0< C65 8725AB=> >?KB><. 0 1C45B 0< 8725AB=>, GB> A2OBK5 >BFK ?8A0;8 =5 @0AAC4:><, => GC2AB2><, 81> A0<8 ?@>68;8, B> 8 ?8A0=8N ?@540;8, 8 8E ?8A0=85 ?>7=05BAO 687=LN.  :0: C =0A 25@52>G:0 =0H59 687=8 :>@>B:0, 2>B <K 8 =5 <>65< 4>AB0BL 6828B5;L=>9 4CE>2=>9 2>48FK 8E 3;C1>:>3> 8AB>G=8:0. 04> ?>;L7>20BLAO ?8A0=85< B0:: GB> ?>=OB=> 4;O =0H53> C<0  ?@8;030BL 2 A5@45G=CN A>:@>28I=8FC, 0 =5?>=OB=>5 ?@>?CA:0BL. >B 8 ?>AB 5;8:89 =0ABC?8;, ?>74@02;ON 0A A> !2OB>9 '5BK@545AOB=8F59, ?><>38 >A?>48 ?@>25AB8 >=CN 2 E@8AB80=A:>< 1;03>G5AB88 8 4>AB83=CBL !25B;>3> %@8AB>20 >A:@5A5=8O. >A?>4L !2>5N <8;>ABLN 40 ?><>65B 0< 2 45;0E 0H8E, E@0=8 0A >A?>48.<br> <br> 0H 4>1@>65;0B5;L 8 A><>;8B25==8: <=>3>3@5H=K9 AE883C<5= >0==. <br> <br> <center><b>+ + +</center><br> 31.07.1950.</b><br> <br> >=545;L=8:<br> <br> %@8AB>A ?>A@548 =0A!<br> <br> >3>;N18259H0O <. 0@8O!<br> <br> 8AL<> 0H5 O ?>;CG8; 8 ?>@04>20;AO, GB> CAB@>8;8AL E>@>H>, B0: 8 ?>1K20; 1K C 0A, ?>A<>B@5; 8 ?>15A54>20; > 548=>< =0 ?>B@51C 8 ==C ?@83;0A8;8 1K A !5@5659. >340 >=0 1C45B C 0A, ?5@5409B5 59 <>9 A5@45G=K9 ?@825B! / B>65 ?>10;820N, A5@4F5 2A5 =5 ?>?@02;O5BAO  ?5@51>8 ?@>4>;60NBAO, => O ?@82K: : =8< 8 =5 >1@0I0N 2=8<0=8O =0 =8E. 5:0@AB2> =5 ?@8=8<0N, 2A5 @02=> >=> =5 ?><>65B, 81> A25G5G:0 687=8 <>59 4>3>@05B. ;03>40@N >30, GB> = ?> !2>59 1;03>AB8 ?@>4;8; <>N 687=L 4> B0:8E 3>4>2. !;020 >3C 70 2A5  ?>2B>@ON A;>20 A2OB>3> ;0B>CAB0.  2>9=5  1C45B ;8 >=0 A:>@>? 8G53> =5 <>3C A:070BL, 81> >689 @><KA; =5?>AB868< =0<, 3@5H=K<.  AC4O ?>-G5;>25G5A:8, A:>@> =5 4>;6=0 1KBL, ?>B><C GB> =5 ?>43>B>2;5=K : =59. CGH5 2A53> @0A?>;>68BLAO =0 2>;N >68N, 1C48 2>;O "2>O, >A?>48, 2> 2A5<. 04> G8B0BL 1>;LH5 !2OI5==>5 20=35;85 8 A0;B8@L, 81> >B MB>3> GB5=8O 8 @07<KH;5=8O > ?@5<C4@>AB8 8 1;03>AB8 A52KH=53> 1C45B <8@ 4CH52=K9, 0 >B GB5=8O 3075B  <0;>4CH85 8 A<CI5=85.@87K20N =0 0A >685 1;03>A;>25=85, E@0=8 0A >A?>48. 0H 4>1@>65;0B5;L 8 A><>;8B25==8:.<br> <br> @E83@5H=K9 AE883C<5= >0==. <br> <center><b>+ + +</center><br> 27.09.1950.</b><br> <br> >2K9 0;00<<br> <br> >3>;N18259H0O <. 0@8O!<br> <br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br> <br> A?@0H820O =0 0A >685 1;03>A;>25=85, A ;N1>2LN > %@8AB5 B2>9 A><>;8B25==8: 0@E83@5H=K9 AE883C<5= >0==. <br> <br> <center><b>+ + +</center><br> 18.11.1950.</b><br> <br> %@8AB>A ?>A@548 =0A!<br> <br> >3>;N18259H0O <. 0@8O!<br> <br> 0: K B0< ?>68205B5 8 :0: >A?>4L E@0=8B? 025@=>, C 0A B@52>38 8 AB@0E8. ><>38, >A?>48, 2A5 MB> 1;03>4CH=> B5@?5BL. >74@02;ON 0A A "08=AB2>< ;5>A2OI5=8O. ><>;8;8AL 8 ?@>A8;8 >A?>40 > 2K74>@>2;5=88 4CH8 8 B5;0 8 > ?@>I5=88 3@5E>2. @>G5; O 2 >2>9 !:@860;8, B0< A:070=>: %>BO 2 CAB020E =0H8E 8 =5 3>2>@8BAO > A>1>@>20=88 74>@>2KE, => 2 4@52=55 2@5<O 1K;8 ?@8<5@K, 8 =04 74>@>2K<8 A>25@H0;8 "08=AB2> ;5>A2OI5=8O, G8B0;8 B5 65 <>;8B2K. !5@359 CBC7>2, :>B>@K9 1K; C =0A ;5B><, ?@8A;0; 1>;LHCN ?>AK;:C  B@84F0BL :8;>  =0 A5<L G5;>25:.  B5?5@L, A>>1I8;0 =0< 53> 4>GL, >B>H5; : ?@0>BF0<, A:>=G0;AO A:>@>?>AB86=>. = B>G=> ?@54GC2AB2>20; A2>N 1;87:CN :>=G8=C, 70?8A0; A51O =0 25G=>5 ?><8=>25=85. K ?>:0 6825< 1;03>?>;CG=>, <>=0ABK@A:0O =0H0 687=L ?><0;5=L:C 5I5 B5?;8BAO. B5F 83C<5= ;568B 2 C>?8> 2 1>;L=8F5, C40G=> >?5@8@>20;AO, G5@57 ?>;B>@K =545;8 2K945B. >3 1;03>A;>28B =0 @01>BC; @8A>20=85  40==K9 >3>< B0;0=B =5 70:0?K209. !2OBK5 >BFK ?;5;8 :>H=8FK (:>@78=:8), 0 C 0A 4@C3>5 @C:>45;85. >A?>4L !2>5N <8;>ABLN 40 ?><>65B 0<, B>;L:> =5 C=K209 8 =5 <0;>4CH5AB2C9.<br> <br> 0H 4>1@>65;0B5;L 8 A><>;8B25==8: AE883C<5= >0==. <br> <br> <center><b>+ + +</center><br> 02.01.1952.</b><br> <br> >2K9 0;00<.<br> <br> 0ABC?=8F0 CA5@4=0O, 0B5@L >A?>40 KH=O3>...<br> <br> >3>;N18259H0O <. 0@8O!<br> <br> %@8AB>A ?>A@548 =0A!<br> <br> !5@45G=>, >B 4CH8 1;03>40@N 70 ?>74@02;5=85 : ?@074=8:C 8 70 CB5H5=85 : =5<C. > >6859 <8;>AB8 O 682C 8 ?>:@OEBK20N ?>4 1@5<5=5< 40<>20 =0A;548O. ?@>G5<, =5 >48= O, => 2A5 G5;>25G5AB2> :@OEB8B, C :>3> GB>: C >4=>3>  1>;57=8, C 8=>3>  A:>@18. ?@>G5<, 2A5 65 =04> >A>7=0BL 8 C1548BL A51O, GB> =0H0 687=L 2 A59 N4>;8 ?;0G52=>9 [A<.: A. 83, 7] =5 GB> 8=>5, :0: ?CBL : 25G=>AB8 8 ?@83>B>2;5=85 : =59. / GC2AB2CN, GB> C65 1;87>: : ?5@5E>4C 2 25G=>ABL. 2>=:8 72>=OB A0<>A8;L=>: @C:0 1>;8B, B0: GB> A B@C4>< ?8HC MB> ?8AL<>, =>38 B>65 1>;OB. >:B>@ A:070;  2A5 MB> >B A5@4F0, 40 254L 2@5<O 8 1>;57=O< 1KBL, 682C C65 ?> >BA@>G:5. !2OB>9 ?@>@>: 0284 A:070; CE>< !2OBK<, GB> G5;>25:C 687=8 =0 75<;5 A5<L45AOB ;5B [A<.: A. 89, 10], 0 <=5, 5A;8 4>682C 4> D52@0;O, 1C45B A5<L45AOB 452OBL. ;03>40@N >A?>40, GB> 4> B0:8E 3>4>2 4>68;. 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